On robustness against JPEG2000: a performance evaluation of wavelet-based watermarking techniques

BHOWMIK, Deepayan and ABHAYARATNE, Charith (2014). On robustness against JPEG2000: a performance evaluation of wavelet-based watermarking techniques. Multimedia Systems, 20 (2), 239-252.

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Official URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00530-...
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00530-013-0334-0


With the emergence of new scalable coding standards, such as JPEG2000, multimedia is stored as scalable coded bit streams that may be adapted to cater network, device and usage preferences in multimedia usage chains providing universal multimedia access. These adaptations include quality, resolution, frame rate and region of interest scalability and achieved by discarding least significant parts of the bit stream according to the scalability criteria. Such content adaptations may also affect the content protection data, such as watermarks, hidden in the original content. Many wavelet-based robust watermarking techniques robust to such JPEG2000 compression attacks are proposed in the literature. In this paper, we have categorized and evaluated the robustness of such wavelet-based image watermarking techniques against JPEG2000 compression, in terms of algorithmic choices, wavelet kernel selection, subband selection, or watermark selection using a new modular framework. As most of the algorithms use a different set of parametric combination, this analysis is particularly useful to understand the effect of various parameters on the robustness under a common platform and helpful to design any such new algorithm. The analysis also considers the imperceptibility performance of the watermark embedding, as robustness and imperceptibility are two main watermarking properties, complementary to each other.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Special Issue on Digital Media Security and Rights Management
Uncontrolled Keywords: Wavelet-based image watermarkingWatermarking evaluationRobustnessScalable codingContent adaptationJPEG2000
Departments - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Faculty of Science, Technology and Arts > Department of Computing
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00530-013-0334-0
Page Range: 239-252
Depositing User: Deepayan Bhowmik
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2016 16:47
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2021 04:17
URI: https://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/14107

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