On roof construction and wall strength : non-linear structural integrity analysis of the Early Bronze Age Helike Corridor House

KORMANN, Mariza, KATSAROU, Stella, KATSONOPOULOU, Dora and LOCK, Gary (2016). On roof construction and wall strength : non-linear structural integrity analysis of the Early Bronze Age Helike Corridor House. In: CAA 2016 : 44th International Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology, Oslo, Norway, 29 March to 2 April 2016. (Unpublished)

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We have demonstrated [1] through Structural Integrity Analysis that the Adobe brick Early Helladic (EH II-III) Helike Corridor House design was sound and it was able to support a second floor. This paper furthers the research focusing on roof loads by performing non-linear and sensitivity analyses addressing two research questions: 1) Was the roof of a light tiled construction or was it heavy as described in [2] about four times heavier than a tiled roof; and 2) What would the behaviour of the structure be when subjected to adverse wet weather under light and heavy roof loads. Previous research has shown that Adobe bricks can absorb large quantities of water from 2 to 10kg/m2 [3, 4]. Furthermore, if it absorbs 4kg/m2 the overall strength of the wall is reduced by 50% [3]. Using mechanical properties of dry and wet Adobe bricks, we have performed non-linear analysis using ANSYS aimed at determining whether or not the structure would collapse under four conditions: LIGHT-DRY (light roof, dry Adobe), LIGHT-WET, HEAVY-DRY and HEAVY-WET. The results show that under a light roof the structure would stand. However, a heavy roof similar to early Minoan structures [2] would lead to total collapse of the house as the Yield Stress on the wall structure is greater than the maximum allowed for wet and for dry Adobe. This points to sophisticated construction techniques with tiled rooves and the possible use of stabilising materials such as lime, ash or organic to protect the tiles [5]. The theory that Helike builders were aware of such techniques could only be supported by planned forthcoming detailed soil analysis to identify possible stabilisers and this would raise further questions on wider interactions such as trade. This research offers new understandings of roof techniques and weight limitations for Adobe building Corridor Houses in a period where only scant evidence is available.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: Abstract accepted version for presentation.
Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Cultural Communication and Computing Research Institute > Communication and Computing Research Centre
Depositing User: Mariza Kormann
Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2016 11:13
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2021 08:04
URI: https://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/11518

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