Calorimetric evidence for frictional self-adaptation of TiAlN/VN superlattice coatings

MAYRHOFER, P. H., HOVSEPIAN, P. E., MITTERER, C. and MUNZ, W. D. (2004). Calorimetric evidence for frictional self-adaptation of TiAlN/VN superlattice coatings. Surface and Coatings Technology, 177, 341-347.

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TiAlN/VN superlattices are potential candidates for dry machining due to their high hardness and excellent tribological properties. It has been reported that VN easily oxidizes at relatively low temperatures and forms V2O5 having lubricious properties. The aim of this work is to investigate the effects of vanadium oxides on tribological properties of TiAlN/VN superlattices at high temperatures. During differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) in an argon/oxygen atmosphere it was found that the coatings oxidize at approximately 450 degreesC. Melting and boiling point of the formed oxides could be determined by DSC to approximately 635 degreesC and 1400 degreesC, respectively. It was observed by DSC and X-ray diffraction that the melting phase, a V2O5, containing oxide, transforms into a VO2 containing oxide causing the loss of the liquid phase. Dry sliding tests showed that up to 500 degreesC the friction coefficient increases from 0.55 to 0.95. It drops to approximately 0.18 at 700 degreesC and remains there as long as a liquid surface oxide is present. If most of V2O5 is converted into lower-oxidized vanadium the friction coefficient increases to a steady state value of approximately 0.55 at 700 degreesC. The results obtained show that addition of VN to hard coatings has high potential to achieve a low friction effect due to the formation and melting of a V2O5 containing oxide, in addition to its conversion into easily shearable lower-oxidized vanadium phases. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: 30th International Conference on Metallurgical Coatings and Thin Films APR 28-MAY 02, 2003 SAN DIEGO, CALIFORNIA
Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Materials and Engineering Research Institute > Advanced Coatings and Composites Research Centre > Nanotechnology Centre for PVD Research
Identification Number:
Page Range: 341-347
Depositing User: Ann Betterton
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2010 14:00
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2021 09:45

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