Cytokine expression in the endometrium of women with implantation failure and recurrent miscarriage.

LAIRD, S M, TUCKERMAN, E M and LI, T-C (2006). Cytokine expression in the endometrium of women with implantation failure and recurrent miscarriage. Reproductive biomedicine online, 13 (1), 13-23.

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One potential cause of reproductive failure such as infertility and recurrent miscarriage may be an endometrial defect. Numerous studies in mice have suggested the importance of various different cytokines in successful pregnancy outcome. This article reviews the literature available on the role of T helper cytokines and IL-1, IL-11, LIF, IL-12 and IL-18 in infertility and recurrent miscarriage, with particular emphasis on the role that endometrial cytokines may play. Although there are numerous studies on cytokines in recurrent miscarriage, much less has been reported on their role in infertility with or without failure after IVF. There is also considerable variation in the results obtained from various different studies, which may be due to different populations studied, the different timing of the sample collection, and whether the cytokines were measured in whole tissue or a specific cell population. The presence of complicated networks of cytokines and their overlapping biological activities means that alteration of one cytokine is likely to affect others and this also makes the study of their role in implantation failure very difficult. There is an urgent need to re-examine the role played by various cytokines in reproductive failure through carefully planned and vigorously designed studies and to compare the different types of reproductive failure.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Available online 18 May 2010
Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Biomedical Research Centre
Page Range: 13-23
Depositing User: Jamie Young
Date Deposited: 28 May 2015 11:07
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2021 18:46

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