SCHILEO, Giorgio, FETEIRA, Antonio, REICHMANN, Klaus, LI, Ming and SINCLAIR, Derek (2015). Structure–property relationships in (1 − x)BaTiO3–xBiGdO3 ceramics. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 35 (9), 2479-2488.
Feteira_Structure–property_relationships_in_ceramics.pdf - Accepted Version
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(1 − x)BaTiO3–xBiGdO3 ceramics were prepared by the solid state reaction method. X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy indicate a maximum co-solubility of Bi/Gd in BaTiO3 at x = 0.10 with a change of symmetry from tetragonal to pseudo-cubic at x = 0.08. Backscattered electron images, however, reveal the presence of a secondary phase in x ≥ 0.06. The dielectric behaviour evolves continuously with x from a classical ferroelectric to a typical relaxor and this transition is accompanied by a shift in the permittivity maxima towards lower temperatures. The presence of two dielectric anomalies for x ≥ 0.06 is associated with residual core–shell structures, as revealed by transmission electron microscopy. The dielectric anomaly associated with the core regions remains at ∼120 °C, whereas the other anomaly decreases continuously towards lower temperature with x. This study shows that chemical equilibrium is much more difficult to achieve than in other (1 − x)BaTiO3–xBi[Me]O3 systems, where Me is Yb or Sc.
|Research Institute, Centre or Group:||Materials and Engineering Research Institute > Structural Materials and Integrity Research Centre > Centre for Corrosion Technology|
|Depositing User:||Antonio Feteira|
|Date Deposited:||07 May 2015 10:16|
|Last Modified:||07 Sep 2015 18:12|
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