PHILLIPS, Jake (2010). The social construction of probation in England and Wales, and the United States : implications for the transferability of probation practice. British journal of community justice, 8 (1).
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This article argues that the histories of probation must be taken into account when implementing standardised probation practice because the current configuration of probation still depends on these social and historical conditions. I show this by outlining the origins of probation in England and Wales and the United States before discussing how the two services developed in different ways and were based on varying notions of the offender. I then demonstrate how some of t hese differences have persisted into the early twenty-first century and argue that the origins of the services have impacted on the uptake of evidence based practice, professional ideology and unified services. Finally, by drawing on Berger and Luckmann, and Jones and Newburn, I suggest that a top-down approach of implementing change can undermine and deprecate previous ways of working with offenders and that the origins of community sanctions might militate against any notion of uniform provision. Keywords: Probation practice; comparative criminology; history; evidence based practice; professionalism; culture.
|Research Institute, Centre or Group:||Law and Criminology Research Group|
|Depositing User:||Jake Phillips|
|Date Deposited:||25 Feb 2015 11:26|
|Last Modified:||19 Aug 2015 15:53|
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