Gender differences in risk and treatment uptake in drug using offenders assessed in custody suite settings

BEST, David, WALKER, Debbie, FOSTER, Angela, ELLIS-GRAY, Stephanie and DAY, Edward (2008). Gender differences in risk and treatment uptake in drug using offenders assessed in custody suite settings. Policing and Society, 18 (4), 474-485.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10439460802457628
Link to published version:: 10.1080/10439460802457628

Abstract

The aim of the study was to assess gender differences in risk profile among drug users in police custody in Birmingham and to examine levels of drug treatment engagement by gender. This article presents findings from an assessment of 1082 Arrest Referral Risk Matrices used by Drug Arrest Referral Workers in police custody between 2005 and 2006. Risk is measured on three elements, ‘drug spend’, current offending and arrest history, and three warning categories (lack of drug treatment engagement, history of violence in the last 12 months and history of weapons in the last 12 months). This generates a composite score that categorises the offenders as high, medium or low risk. The results revealed higher overall risk and higher drug spend amongst female drug using offenders, yet lower levels of treatment engagement than in males. The study supports previous research suggesting high levels of acquisitive crime among female offenders, yet there is little indication that this group are being targeted satisfactorily through drug treatment services.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Law and Criminology Research Group
Identification Number: 10.1080/10439460802457628
Depositing User: Hilary Ridgway
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2015 11:42
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2015 11:42
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/9439

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