The production of nicotimamide during the thermal desorption of 3-cyanopyridine (3CYP) from Ni2+- and Al3+-exchanged bentonite. A TG-MS, variable temperature DRIFTS and XRD study

FORSYTH, J., HUGHES, T., BREEN, C. and YARWOOD, J. (2004). The production of nicotimamide during the thermal desorption of 3-cyanopyridine (3CYP) from Ni2+- and Al3+-exchanged bentonite. A TG-MS, variable temperature DRIFTS and XRD study. Physical chemistry. Chemical physics, 6 (12), 3184-3191.

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Link to published version:: 10.1039/b402934h

Abstract

Samples of air-dried and heated Ni2+- and Al3+-exchanged bentonite (SWy-2) have been exposed to 3-cyanopyridine (3CYP) vapour for six days. The resulting intercalates were studied using variable temperature XRD, DRIFTS, thermogravimetry (TG) and TG-MS. The amount of water co-adsorbed with 3CYP did not influence the initial 13.2 spacing of the Al3+-complex but the d-spacing of the heated Ni2+-sample was ca. 5 less that the 21.5 spacing of its air-dried counterpart. This difference in layer spacings suggests that 3CYP adopts an arrangement in which the plane of the aromatic ring is parallel with the aluminosilicate layer in the Al3+-clay whereas in the Ni2+-form the plane of the ring is perpendicular to the clay surface. TG-MS confirmed that 3CYP and water were the major species desorbed from all samples and that the contraction in the d-spacing upon heating the Ni2+-3CYP complex arose from loss of these species. The appearance of a band near 1680 cm–1 in the VT-DRIFTS spectra at temperatures above 150 °C indicated the formation of amide(s). Correlation with TG-MS data confirmed the transformation of small quantities of 3CYP to nicotinamide. Some 3CYP was protonated in the Al3+-samples.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © Royal Society of Chemistry
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Materials and Engineering Research Institute > Polymers Nanocomposites and Modelling Research Centre > Polymers, Composites and Spectroscopy Group
Identification Number: 10.1039/b402934h
Depositing User: Ann Betterton
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2008
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2010 17:12
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/941

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