Relations between implicit and explicit measures of attitudes and measures of behavior: evidence of moderation by individual difference variables

CONNER, M. T., PERUGINI, M., O'GORMAN, R., AYRES, K. and PRESTWICH, A. (2007). Relations between implicit and explicit measures of attitudes and measures of behavior: evidence of moderation by individual difference variables. Personality and social psychology bulletin, 33 (12), 1727-1740.

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Link to published version:: 10.1177/0146167207309194

Abstract

The moderating role of individual difference variables (Self-Reported Habit Index [SRHI], Need for Cognition [NFC]) on relationships between implicit (Implicit Association Test [IAT], Extrinsic Affective Simon Test [EAST]) or explicit measures of attitude and behavior is assessed in two studies. A dissociation pattern is found on self-report diary measures of behavior. In Study 1, the EAST—behavior relationship is moderated by SRHI; explicit measures of the attitude—behavior relationship are moderated by NFC. In Study 2, the IAT—behavior relationship is moderated by SRHI; explicit measures of the attitude—behavior relationship are moderated by NFC. Higher levels of SRHI and NFC are associated with stronger relationships between the implicit or explicit measures of attitude and the measure of behavior. In Study 2, the SRHI x IAT interaction is replicated for an objective behavior measure. Implications for understanding the relationship between implicit and explicit measures of attitudes and measures of behavior are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: implicit measures, attitude, behavior, moderators, predictive validity
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Psychology Research Group
Identification Number: 10.1177/0146167207309194
Depositing User: Ann Betterton
Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2008
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2009 18:22
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/94

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