Relations between implicit and explicit measures of attitudes and measures of behavior: evidence of moderation by individual difference variables

CONNER, M. T., PERUGINI, M., O'GORMAN, R., AYRES, K. and PRESTWICH, A. (2007). Relations between implicit and explicit measures of attitudes and measures of behavior: evidence of moderation by individual difference variables. Personality and social psychology bulletin, 33 (12), 1727-1740.

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Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167207309194
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    Abstract

    The moderating role of individual difference variables (Self-Reported Habit Index [SRHI], Need for Cognition [NFC]) on relationships between implicit (Implicit Association Test [IAT], Extrinsic Affective Simon Test [EAST]) or explicit measures of attitude and behavior is assessed in two studies. A dissociation pattern is found on self-report diary measures of behavior. In Study 1, the EAST—behavior relationship is moderated by SRHI; explicit measures of the attitude—behavior relationship are moderated by NFC. In Study 2, the IAT—behavior relationship is moderated by SRHI; explicit measures of the attitude—behavior relationship are moderated by NFC. Higher levels of SRHI and NFC are associated with stronger relationships between the implicit or explicit measures of attitude and the measure of behavior. In Study 2, the SRHI x IAT interaction is replicated for an objective behavior measure. Implications for understanding the relationship between implicit and explicit measures of attitudes and measures of behavior are discussed.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: implicit measures, attitude, behavior, moderators, predictive validity
    Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Psychology Research Group
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167207309194
    Page Range: 1727-1740
    Depositing User: Ann Betterton
    Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2008
    Last Modified: 09 Dec 2009 18:22
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/94

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