Masonry units bound with waste vegetable oil – Chemical analysis and evaluation of engineering properties

HEATON, T., SAMMON, Chris, AULT, J., BLACK, L. and FORTH, J.P. (2014). Masonry units bound with waste vegetable oil – Chemical analysis and evaluation of engineering properties. Construction and Building Materials, 64, 460-472.

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Masonry units with attractive environmental credentials can be produced from waste aggregate materials and vegetable oils. Heat curing at low temperatures induces chemical changes in the binder which stiffen the block and afford them a compressive strength which can be compared to existing blocks and bricks. This method allows use of 100% waste materials, which far exceeds the level of replacement possible in traditional concrete and clay matrices. To better understand the chemistry of the vegetable oil binder at different stages of the curing process a range of experiments have been performed including infrared spectroscopy, liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry. Results show production of chain-shortened and oxygenated derivatives and the nature of reactions based on curing time and physical environment of the binder. Compressive strength and mass loss are dependent on curing time and the altered molecular architecture of the oil, but other physical properties are independent of the chemistry and reliant on physical concerns such as aggregate selection.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Materials and Engineering Research Institute > Advanced Coatings and Composites Research Centre > Polymers, Composites and Spectroscopy Group
Identification Number:
Page Range: 460-472
Depositing User: Ann Betterton
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2014 11:33
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2021 10:45

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