Improving self-efficacy in spinal cord injury patients through "design thinking" rehabilitation workshops

WOLSTENHOLME, Daniel, DOWNES, Tom, LEAVER, Jackie, PARTRIDGE, Rebecca and LANGLEY, Joseph (2014). Improving self-efficacy in spinal cord injury patients through "design thinking" rehabilitation workshops. BMJ Quality Improvement Reports, 3 (1).

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Advances in surgical and medical management have significantly reduced the length of time that patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) have to stay in hospital, but has left patients with potentially less time to adjust psychologically.

Following a pilot in 2012, this project was designed to test the effect of "design thinking" workshops on the self-efficacy of people undergoing rehabilitation following spinal injuries.

Design thinking is about understanding the approaches and methods that designers use and then applying these to think creatively about problems and suggest ways to solve them. In this instance, design thinking is not about designing new products (although the approaches can be used to do this) but about developing a long term creative and explorative mind-set through skills such as lateral thinking, prototyping and verbal and visual communication.

The principals of "design thinking" have underpinned design education and practice for many years, it is also recognised in business and innovation for example, but a literature review indicated that there was no evidence of it being used in rehabilitation or spinal injury settings.

Twenty participants took part in the study; 13 (65%) were male and the average age was 37 years (range 16 to 72). Statistically significant improvements were sen in the EQ-5D score (t = -3.13, p = 0.007) and the Patient Activation Measure score (t = -3.85, p = 0.001). Other outcome measures improved but not statistically. There were no statistical effects on length of stay or readmissions rates, but qualitative interviews indicated improved patient experience.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Cultural Communication and Computing Research Institute > Art and Design Research Centre
Identification Number: 10.1136/bmjquality.u205728.w2340
Depositing User: Joe Langley
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2014 11:59
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2015 23:17

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