Modelling the acoustics of a golf ball impacting a titanium plate

ALLEN, Tom, GOUGH, Jim, KONCAN, David, JAMES, David, MORALES, Eric and WOOD, Paul (2014). Modelling the acoustics of a golf ball impacting a titanium plate. Procedia Engineering, 72, 587-592.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2014.06.101
Link to published version:: 10.1016/j.proeng.2014.06.101

Abstract

Finite element techniques are often applied to the design and development of golf clubs. While distance and accuracy are the primary design characteristics, the acoustics of the ball/club impact play an important role in player perception. Previous work has applied finite element techniques to predict the sound of a golf ball/club impact. This research helps to lay the foundations for implementing finite element techniques into the process of developing golf clubs which produce a perceived 'desirable' sound upon impact. This study investigates the application of Ansys/LS-Dyna to predict the frequency response of a golf ball impacting three cylindrical titanium plates of varying thickness. A golf ball was fired against each plate at 41 m/s and the sound was recorded using a microphone. Fast Fourier transformations were applied to the sound recordings to obtain the frequency modes. A finite element model was developed for each plate and acoustic simulations for ball/plate impacts were run using the Rayleigh method. Averaged across all three plates, the mean frequencies obtained from the impact simulations for the first two modes were within 3% of those measured experimentally. Further research could work towards applying the techniques presented here to a golf ball/club impact.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information:

In Special issue : The Engineering of Sport 10

Paper presented at the 2014 Conference of the International Sports Engineering Association, Sheffield, 14-17 July 2014. Organised by Sheffield Hallam University.

Research Institute, Centre or Group: Centre for Sports Engineering Research
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.proeng.2014.06.101
Depositing User: Carole Harris
Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2014 09:58
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2015 15:24
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/8208

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