ALLEN, Tom, GOUGH, Jim, KONCAN, David, JAMES, David, MORALES, Eric and WOOD, Paul (2014). Modelling the acoustics of a golf ball impacting a titanium plate. Procedia Engineering, 72, 587-592.
allen,gouch,koncan,james,morales,wood_-_modelling_the_acoustics.pdf - Published Version
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Finite element techniques are often applied to the design and development of golf clubs. While distance and accuracy are the primary design characteristics, the acoustics of the ball/club impact play an important role in player perception. Previous work has applied finite element techniques to predict the sound of a golf ball/club impact. This research helps to lay the foundations for implementing finite element techniques into the process of developing golf clubs which produce a perceived 'desirable' sound upon impact. This study investigates the application of Ansys/LS-Dyna to predict the frequency response of a golf ball impacting three cylindrical titanium plates of varying thickness. A golf ball was fired against each plate at 41 m/s and the sound was recorded using a microphone. Fast Fourier transformations were applied to the sound recordings to obtain the frequency modes. A finite element model was developed for each plate and acoustic simulations for ball/plate impacts were run using the Rayleigh method. Averaged across all three plates, the mean frequencies obtained from the impact simulations for the first two modes were within 3% of those measured experimentally. Further research could work towards applying the techniques presented here to a golf ball/club impact.
In Special issue : The Engineering of Sport 10
Paper presented at the 2014 Conference of the International Sports Engineering Association, Sheffield, 14-17 July 2014. Organised by Sheffield Hallam University.
|Research Institute, Centre or Group:||Centre for Sports Engineering Research|
|Depositing User:||Carole Harris|
|Date Deposited:||18 Jul 2014 09:58|
|Last Modified:||19 Aug 2015 15:24|
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