Markerless tracking of tennis racket motion using a camera

ELLIOTT, Nathan, CHOPPIN, Simon, GOODWILL, Simon and ALLEN, Tom (2014). Markerless tracking of tennis racket motion using a camera. Procedia Engineering, 72, 344-349.

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Link to published version:: 10.1016/j.proeng.2014.06.060


This research is concerned with tracking tennis racket movements. Previously, stereo camera systems have been used to track markers attached to rackets, which allows for racket movements to be obtained in three-dimensions. Typically, markers are manually selected on the image plane but this can be time consuming and inaccurate. This paper discusses a markerless method to measure three-dimensional racket movements using a camera. The method relies on a silhouette of a racket captured with a camera whose relative pose (rotation and translation) is unknown. A candidate relative pose is used to measure the inconsistency between the silhouette and a set of racket silhouettes captured with a fully calibrated camera. The measure of inconsistency can be formulated as a cost function associated with the candidate relative pose. By adjusting parameters of the pose to minimise the cost, an accurate estimation for the true pose of the racket can be made. A validation scheme was developed to compare pose estimates with data obtained using camera calibration software. Rotation about the axis of x, y, z' were accurate to within 2.5° for 88, 90 and 86 % of estimates respectively and resultant translation to within 5 mm for 72% of estimates. This research is the first step in a process to fully validate a novel method for measuring tennis racket movements in real play conditions.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information:

In Special issue : The Engineering of Sport 10

Paper presented at the 2014 Conference of the International Sports Engineering Association, Sheffield, 14-17 July 2014. Organised by Sheffield Hallam University.

Research Institute, Centre or Group: Centre for Sports Engineering Research
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.proeng.2014.06.060
Depositing User: Carole Harris
Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2014 09:27
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2015 14:03

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