A modern approach to determine the offside law in international football

HENDERSON, A, LAI, D and ALLEN, T (2014). A modern approach to determine the offside law in international football. In: JAMES, David, CHOPPIN, Simon, ALLEN, Tom, WHEAT, Jonathan and FLEMING, Paul, (eds.) The engineering of sport. Procedia engineering, 10 (72). Elsevier, 138-143.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2014.06.025
Link to published version:: 10.1016/j.proeng.2014.06.025


The outcome of football matches is heavily dependent on referee decisions regarding violations of the offside rule. Football players should decide the outcome of the game rather than the referees. Instead of technology discrediting the ability of referees it should be adopted into the game to increase the accuracy of the offside decision. A system has been proposed that uses player tracking technology to quantify players’ positions and runs an algorithm to determine which players are offside. The likelihood of algorithm error is dependent on the accuracy of player tracking technology. It was found that algorithm accuracy is improved by increasing the sampling rate and precision of player tracking technologies. The most suitable technology form for use in the proposed system is camera based player tracking. No device is required to be worn by players and body segment positions can be determined to ensure the offside law is completely adhered to. Before this proposed system could fully function a series of improvements must be made to the proof of concept model.

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: The 2014 Conference of the International Sports Engineering Association,14-17 July 2014,Sheffield Hallam University
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Centre for Sports Engineering Research
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.proeng.2014.06.025
Depositing User: Carole Harris
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2014 09:55
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2015 14:12
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/8190

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