Effects of focus of attention and types of practice on learning and self-efficacy in dart throwing

SHAFIZADEHKENARI, Mohsen, PLATT, Geoffrey K. and BAHRAM, Abbas (2013). Effects of focus of attention and types of practice on learning and self-efficacy in dart throwing. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 117 (1), 182-192.

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Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.2466/25.30.PMS.117x12z5


The present investigation studied the eff ect of focus of attention and type of practice on self-effi cacy and learning during a demonstration of the dart-throwing skill. 48 university students ( M = 22.5 yr., SD = 3.6) without any experience of dart throwing were divided into four groups according to the type of practice (physical and observational) and focus of attention (internal and external) and practiced a dart-throwing task. Self-effi cacy in dart throwing was measured at the pre-test, acquisition, and transfer phases. The internal-focus group concentrated on their limb function, whereas the external-focus group concentrated on the darts and the target during the demonstration. Observational groups only watched during the acquisition phase, then performed the task in the retention and transfer phases. There was a main effect of focus of attention in the retention and transfer phases after controlling self-efficacy, with external focus groups showing higher performance than internal focus groups. External focus of attention could facilitate the acquisition of a motor skill during observation and may build and/or be supported by self-efficacy.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Centre for Sport and Exercise Science
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.2466/25.30.PMS.117x12z5
Page Range: 182-192
Depositing User: Mohsen Shafizadeh
Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2013 09:14
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2021 19:30
URI: https://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/7441

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