Developmental effects influencing observational modelling : a meta-analysis

ASHFORD, D, DAVIDS, Keith and BENNETT, S J (2007). Developmental effects influencing observational modelling : a meta-analysis. Journal of Sports Sciences, 25 (5), 547-558.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640410600947025
Link to published version:: 10.1080/02640410600947025

Abstract

A meta-analysis was conducted on the observational modelling literature (n = 55 studies) to quantify overall between-participant treatment effects (δ u Bi) gained for child and adult populations. The overall observational modelling treatment estimate obtained from movement dynamics (i.e. form) data was larger for adults (δ u Bi = 0.80) than children (δ u Bi = 0.24); the modelling advantage over a practice-only control condition was significant for adults only. In contrast, the overall observational modelling treatment estimate obtained for movement outcome data (i.e. task goal) was negligible (δ u Bi = −0.02) for adults, whereas it was more substantial (δ u Bi = 0.48) and significant for children. These findings are consistent with the suggestion that, as a result of observation, children show a greater tendency to achieve movement outcome goals (e.g. task accuracy) than adults, who tend to focus more on matching existing intrinsic dynamics with the observed task dynamics. We suggest that the developmental effects influencing observational modelling result from differences in individuals' intrinsic dynamics, and hence the opportunity to replicate the observed motor skill. The current meta-analysis describes reasons for equivocality in the extant observational modelling literature and elucidates a research agenda for pedagogists aiming to better understand the benefits of modelling techniques.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Special issue: Observational Learning
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Centre for Sports Engineering Research
Identification Number: 10.1080/02640410600947025
Depositing User: Carole Harris
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2013 08:15
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2013 08:15
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/7302

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