Developmental effects influencing observational modelling : a meta-analysis

ASHFORD, D, DAVIDS, Keith and BENNETT, S J (2007). Developmental effects influencing observational modelling : a meta-analysis. Journal of Sports Sciences, 25 (5), 547-558.

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    A meta-analysis was conducted on the observational modelling literature (n = 55 studies) to quantify overall between-participant treatment effects (δ u Bi) gained for child and adult populations. The overall observational modelling treatment estimate obtained from movement dynamics (i.e. form) data was larger for adults (δ u Bi = 0.80) than children (δ u Bi = 0.24); the modelling advantage over a practice-only control condition was significant for adults only. In contrast, the overall observational modelling treatment estimate obtained for movement outcome data (i.e. task goal) was negligible (δ u Bi = −0.02) for adults, whereas it was more substantial (δ u Bi = 0.48) and significant for children. These findings are consistent with the suggestion that, as a result of observation, children show a greater tendency to achieve movement outcome goals (e.g. task accuracy) than adults, who tend to focus more on matching existing intrinsic dynamics with the observed task dynamics. We suggest that the developmental effects influencing observational modelling result from differences in individuals' intrinsic dynamics, and hence the opportunity to replicate the observed motor skill. The current meta-analysis describes reasons for equivocality in the extant observational modelling literature and elucidates a research agenda for pedagogists aiming to better understand the benefits of modelling techniques.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: Special issue: Observational Learning
    Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Centre for Sports Engineering Research
    Identification Number:
    Page Range: 547-558
    Depositing User: Carole Harris
    Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2013 08:15
    Last Modified: 18 Mar 2021 19:45

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