Non-linear modelling of fasting plasma glucose Concentration and peak 2-hour insulin response to a glucose challenge in Australian Aboriginal People

DANIELL, Mark, ZANG, Geng, ROWLEY, Kevin G, MCDERMOTT, Robyn, KELLY, Shona J and O'DEA, Kerin (2012). Non-linear modelling of fasting plasma glucose Concentration and peak 2-hour insulin response to a glucose challenge in Australian Aboriginal People. Journal of Diabetes Research and Clinical Metabolism, 1 (1), 1-8.

Full text not available from this repository.
Link to published version:: 10.7243/2050-0866-1-8

Abstract

Background - The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between 2-hour insulin concentration and fasting plasma glucose concentration (FPG) in a population-based sample of Indigenous Australians.

Methods - Data collected from 2930 adults with unknown diabetic status were analyzed using three non-linear modeling methods: locally weighted regression (LOESS), generalized additive models (GAM), and fractional polynomial (fracpoly) regression procedures.

Results - Log fasting insulin and log 2-hour insulin had nonlinear relationships with FPG. All models indicated a consistent fit for 2-hour insulin response across FPG values of 3.5 135.8 mmol/l. GAM and fracpoly regressions overlapped across FPG values of 3.5 1313 mmol/l. The LOESS model had a slightly different pattern from FPG of 5.8-17 mmol/l. For all models, log 2-hour insulin concentration increased across FPG values from 3.5 137.0 mmol/l and decreased for FPG >7.0 mmol/l.

Conclusions - The 7.0 mmol/l FPG diagnostic cut-off represents the start of a diminishing second-phase insulin response to glucose, indicating that pancreatic output begins to decline at this FPG level. These results provide strong physiological rationale, beyond rising rates of clinical complications, for the revised fasting glucose diagnostic criterion of 7.0 mmol/l. Further research is needed to evaluate whether similar relationships exist for other high- and low-risk populations.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Centre for Health and Social Care Research
Identification Number: 10.7243/2050-0866-1-8
Depositing User: Shona Kelly
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2013 14:16
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2013 14:16
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/6654

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics