Anxiety responses and psychological skill use during the time leading up to competition: theory to practice I

THOMAS, O., HANTON, S. and MAYNARD, I. (2007). Anxiety responses and psychological skill use during the time leading up to competition: theory to practice I. Journal of applied sport psychology, 19 (4), 379-397.

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Link to published version:: 10.1080/10413200701599132

Abstract

This study investigated temporal responses associated with competitive anxiety in athletes with facilitative and debilitative interpretations of their anxiety symptoms. Qualitative interviews assessed the intensity, frequency, and direction of cognitive and somatic symptoms experienced during a 7-day competitive cycle and the psychological strategies used to attain/maintain a positive psychological state. Analysis indicated three distinct temporal phases within the competitive cycle during which the intensity and frequency of cognitive and somatic symptoms increased. The facilitators utilized a refined repertoire of psychological skills to internally control and re-interpret the cognitive and somatic symptoms experienced. The debilitators did not possess this refined repertoire of psychological skills and relied on external strategies to stabilize the negative symptoms experienced. The findings emphasize the dynamic properties of the stress response and provide a framework for the structure, timing, and content of psychological skills interventions for use with performers who interpret anxiety symptoms as debilitative.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Centre for Sport and Exercise Science
Identification Number: 10.1080/10413200701599132
Depositing User: Ann Betterton
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2008
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2009 18:23
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/638

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