The intensity and directional interpretation of anxiety: fluctuations throughout competition and relationship to performance

BUTT, J., WEINBERG, R. and HORN, T. S. (2003). The intensity and directional interpretation of anxiety: fluctuations throughout competition and relationship to performance. The Sport psychologist, 17 (1), 35-54.

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Abstract

The purposes of the present investigation were twofold: (a) to investigate the fluctuations of anxiety and self-confidence throughout competition by measuring these variables retrospectively before, during, and after competition and (b) to investigate the relationship between the intensity and directional interpretation of anxiety and perceived performance across competition. Field hockey players (N = 62) completed the modified Mental Readiness Form-Likert (MRF-2) within 30 minutes after competition using the method of retrospective recall. Results indicated significant fluctuations across competition for cognitive anxiety intensity and direction, somatic anxiety intensity, and self-confidence intensity. Results also revealed that the strongest predictors of performance across both halves were self-confidence intensity and direction and cognitive anxiety direction. These findings should have important implications for practitioners and sport psychologists because anxiety measurement and confidence are critical parts of most psychological skills training programs.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Centre for Sport and Exercise Science
Depositing User: Ann Betterton
Date Deposited: 24 Dec 2008
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2009 18:23
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/623

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