Moderate-domain pulmonary oxygen uptake kinetics and endurance running performance

KILDING, A. E., WINTER, E. M. and FYSH, M. (2006). Moderate-domain pulmonary oxygen uptake kinetics and endurance running performance. Journal of sports sciences, 24 (9), 1013-1022.

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<p>The aims of this study were to determine if the primary time constant (T) for oxygen uptake (VO<sub>2</sub>) at the onset of moderate-intensity treadmill exercise is related to endurance running performance, and to establish if T could be considered a determinant of endurance running performance. Thirty-six endurance trained male runners performed a series of laboratory tests, on separate days, to determine maximal oxygen uptake (VO<sub>2 max</sub>), the ventilatory threshold (V<sub>T</sub>) and running economy. In addition, runners completed six transitions from walking (4 km . h<sup>-1</sup>) to moderate-intensity running (80% V<sub>T</sub>) for the determination of the VO<sub>2</sub> primary time constant and mean response time. During all tests, pulmonary gas-exchange was measured breath-by-breath. Endurance running performance was determined using a treadmill 5-km time-trial, after which runners were considered as combined performers (n=36) and, using a ranking system, high performers (n=10) and low performers (n=10). Relationships between T and endurance running performance were quantified using correlation coefficients (r). Stepwise multiple regression was used to determine the primary predictor variables of endurance running performance in combined performers. Moderate correlations were observed between T, mean response time and endurance running performance, but only for the combined performers (r=-0.55, P=0.001 and r=-0.50, P=0.002, respectively). The regression model for predicting 5-km performance did not include T or mean response time. The velocity at VO<sub>2 max</sub> was strongly correlated to endurance running performance in all groups (r=0.72 - 0.84, P < 0.01) and contributed substantially to the prediction of performance. In conclusion, the results suggest that despite their role in determining the oxygen deficit and having a moderate relationship with endurance running performance, neither T nor mean response time is a primary determinant of endurance running performance.</p>

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Centre for Sport and Exercise Science
Identification Number:
Page Range: 1013-1022
Depositing User: Ann Betterton
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2008
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2021 01:15

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