Sources and types of confidence identified by world class sport performers

HAYS, K., MAYNARD, I., THOMAS, O. and BAWDEN, M. (2007). Sources and types of confidence identified by world class sport performers. Journal of applied sport psychology, 19 (4), 434-456.

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This study identified the sources and types of confidence salient to 14 (7 male, 7 female) successful World Class athletes. Nine sources of confidence were identified: Preparation, performance accomplishments, coaching, innate factors, social support, experience, competitive advantage, self-awareness, and trust. A testament to the multi-dimensional nature of sport confidence, six types of sport confidence were also identified: skill execution, achievement, physical factors, psychological factors, superiority to opposition, and tactical awareness. Gender was related to both the sources of confidence and the subsequent types of confidence experienced by the athletes. For example, females placed more importance on good personal performances than males who derived confidence from winning. Results were discussed in the context of previous sport confidence literature and implications for sport psychology and coaching practices were drawn.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Centre for Sport and Exercise Science
Identification Number:
Page Range: 434-456
Depositing User: Ann Betterton
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2008
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2021 21:45

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