Vitrified metal finishing wastes I. Composition, density and chemical durability

BINGHAM, Paul and HAND, R (2005). Vitrified metal finishing wastes I. Composition, density and chemical durability. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 119 (1-3), 125-133.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2004.11.014
Link to published version:: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2004.11.014

Abstract

Durable phosphate glasses were formed by vitrifying waste filter cakes from two metal finishing operations. Some melts formed crystalline components during cooling. Compositional analysis of dried, heat treated and vitrified samples was made using energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, inductively-coupled plasma spectroscopy and Leco induction furnace combustion analysis. Hydrolytic dissolution, measured by an adapted product consistency test, was reduced by up to 3 orders of magnitude upon heat treatment or vitrification, surpassing the performance of borosilicate glass in some cases. This was attributed to the high levels of iron and zinc in the wastes, which greatly improve the durability of phosphate glasses. One of the wastes arose from a metal phosphating process and was particularly suitable for vitrification due to its high P2O5 content and favourable melting behaviour. The other waste, which arose from a number of processes, was less suitable as it had a low P2O5 content and during heating it emitted harmful corrosive gases and underwent violent reactions. Substantial volume reductions were obtained by heat treatment and vitrification of both wastes. Compositions and performances of some vitrified wastes were comparable with those of glasses which are under consideration for the immobilisation of toxic and nuclear wastes.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Materials and Engineering Research Institute > Structural Materials and Integrity Research Centre > Centre for Corrosion Technology
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2004.11.014
Depositing User: Hilary Ridgway
Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2012 14:58
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2012 14:58
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/5852

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