Effect of temperature on golf ball dynamics

ALLEN, Tom, BOWLEY, Adam, WOOD, Paul, HENRIKSON, Erik, MORALES, Eric and JAMES, David (2012). Effect of temperature on golf ball dynamics. Procedia engineering, 34, 634-639.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2012.04.108
Link to published version:: 10.1016/j.proeng.2012.04.108

Abstract

Golf is played at a range of temperatures. The aim of this research was to determine the effect of temperature on golfballdynamics. Normal impact testing at speeds up to 48 m·s-1 was conducted at balltemperatures of -0.8 °C, 22 °C and 35.9 °C. Golfballs were projected onto a fixed rigid surface and inbound and rebound velocity, impact duration and maximum deformation were measured using a high-speed video camera. Coefficients of restitution, impact durations and maximum deformations were found to increase with temperature. A finite element model of the golfball was produced using Ansys/LS-Dyna and the dynamic response corresponding to each temperature was obtained by systematically adjusting the material properties of the core. Changing golfballdynamics with temperature has implications on approval test procedures as well as the development of balls and clubs. This research is the first step in a process for determining the effect of temperature on a golf drive.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Paper presented at the Engineering of Sport Conference 2012, 9th Conference of the International Sports Engineering Association (ISEA), Boston, USA, 9-13 July 2012.
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Centre for Sports Engineering Research
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.proeng.2012.04.108
Depositing User: Carole Harris
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2012 10:08
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2012 10:13
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/5616

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