Harnessing data flow and modelling potentials for sustainable development

MWITONDI, Kassim and BUGRIEN, Jamal (2012). Harnessing data flow and modelling potentials for sustainable development. CODATA Data Science Journal. (Submitted)

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    Official URL: https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/browse

    Abstract

    Tackling some of the global challenges relating to health, poverty, business and the environment is known to be heavily dependent on the flow and utilisation of data. However, while enhancements in data generation, storage, modelling, dissemination and the related integration of global economies and societies are fast transforming the way we live and interact, the resulting dynamic, globalised and information society remains digitally divided. On the African continent, in particular, the division has resulted into a gap between knowledge generation and its transformation into tangible products and services which Kirsop and Chan (2005) attribute to a broken information flow. This paper proposes some fundamental approaches for a sustainable transformation of data into knowledge for the purpose of improving the peoples' quality of life. Its main strategy is based on a generic data sharing model providing access to data utilising and generating entities in a multi disciplinary environment. It highlights the great potentials in using unsupervised and supervised modelling in tackling the typically predictive-in-nature challenges we face. Using both simulated and real data, the paper demonstrates how some of the key parameters may be generated and embedded in models to enhance their predictive power and reliability. Its main outcomes include a proposed implementation framework setting the scene for the creation of decision support systems capable of addressing the key issues in society. It is expected that a sustainable data flow will forge synergies between the private sector, academic and research institutions within and between countries. It is also expected that the paper's findings will help in the design and development of knowledge extraction from data in the wake of cloud computing and, hence, contribute towards the improvement in the peoples' overall quality of life. To void running high implementation costs, selected open source tools are recommended for developing and sustaining the system. Key words: Cloud Computing, Data Mining, Digital Divide, Globalisation, Grid Computing, Information Society, KTP, Predictive Modelling and STI.

    Item Type: Article
    Research Institute, Centre or Group: Cultural Communication and Computing Research Institute > Communication and Computing Research Centre
    Depositing User: Kassim Mwitondi
    Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2012 17:20
    Last Modified: 24 Sep 2012 17:20
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/5267

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