Evidence that process simulations reduce anxiety in patients receiving dental treatment: randomized exploratory trial

ARMITAGE, Christopher J. and REIDY, John G. (2012). Evidence that process simulations reduce anxiety in patients receiving dental treatment: randomized exploratory trial. Anxiety, Stress and Coping, 25 (2), 155-165.

[img]
Preview
PDF - Accepted Version
Download (488kB) | Preview
    Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10615806.2011.604727
    Link to published version:: 10.1080/10615806.2011.604727

    Abstract

    Process simulations – mental simulations that ask people to imagine the process of completing a task – have been shown to decrease anxiety in students facing hypothetical or psychological threats in the short term. The aim of the present study was to see whether process simulations could reduce anxiety in a sample of the general population attending a dental practice, and whether these effects could be sustained throughout treatment. Participants (N = 75) were randomized to an experimental condition where they were asked to simulate mentally the process of seeing the dentist, or to a control condition where they were asked to simulate mentally the outcome of seeing the dentist. Findings showed that participants in the experimental condition were significantly less anxious both before and after their consultations. Self-efficacy and self-esteem remained unchanged. This study suggests that process simulation is one active ingredient in anxiety treatment programs and further research is required to enhance its effects.

    Item Type: Article
    Research Institute, Centre or Group: Psychology Research Group
    Identification Number: 10.1080/10615806.2011.604727
    Depositing User: John Reidy
    Date Deposited: 15 May 2012 09:06
    Last Modified: 15 May 2012 09:06
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/5076

    Actions (login required)

    View Item

    Downloads

    Downloads per month over past year

    View more statistics