Evidence that process simulations reduce anxiety in patients receiving dental treatment: randomized exploratory trial

ARMITAGE, Christopher J. and REIDY, John G. (2012). Evidence that process simulations reduce anxiety in patients receiving dental treatment: randomized exploratory trial. Anxiety, Stress and Coping, 25 (2), 155-165.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10615806.2011.604727
Link to published version:: 10.1080/10615806.2011.604727

Abstract

Process simulations – mental simulations that ask people to imagine the process of completing a task – have been shown to decrease anxiety in students facing hypothetical or psychological threats in the short term. The aim of the present study was to see whether process simulations could reduce anxiety in a sample of the general population attending a dental practice, and whether these effects could be sustained throughout treatment. Participants (N = 75) were randomized to an experimental condition where they were asked to simulate mentally the process of seeing the dentist, or to a control condition where they were asked to simulate mentally the outcome of seeing the dentist. Findings showed that participants in the experimental condition were significantly less anxious both before and after their consultations. Self-efficacy and self-esteem remained unchanged. This study suggests that process simulation is one active ingredient in anxiety treatment programs and further research is required to enhance its effects.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Psychology Research Group
Identification Number: 10.1080/10615806.2011.604727
Depositing User: John Reidy
Date Deposited: 15 May 2012 08:06
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2015 03:23
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/5076

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