Average and Local Structure of (1−x)BaTiO3−xLaYO3 (0≤x≤0.50) Ceramics

FETEIRA, Antonio, SINCLAIR, Derek C. and KREISEL, Jens (2010). Average and Local Structure of (1−x)BaTiO3−xLaYO3 (0≤x≤0.50) Ceramics. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 93 (12), 4174-4181.

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Link to published version:: 10.1111/j.1551-2916.2010.04006.x

Abstract

Dense ceramics of (1−x)BaTiO3−xLaYO3 (LBTY) (0≤x≤0.50) have been fabricated by the conventional solid-state route. Phase purity and crystal structure of LBTY ceramics were investigated using a combination of X-ray diffraction (XRD), electron diffraction (ED), and Raman spectroscopy. XRD analysis shows the tetragonal distortion of undoped (x=0) BaTiO3 (space group P4mm) decreases with increasing x, reaching an average cubic symmetry (space group ) at x=0.05. For x>0.05, the lattice parameter a increases almost linearly up to x=0.40, above which a secondary phase isostructural with LaYO3 precipitates. ED patterns along [110]p for 0.30≤x≤0.40 exhibit superlattice reflections at 1/2 (hkl) positions, indicating a doubling of the unit cell, which may arise from either octahedral tilting and/or chemical 1:1 B-site ordering within nanoclusters. Existence of nanodomains was revealed by dark-field transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Raman spectroscopy reveals nanoclustering to occur readily at low substitution levels and to increase progressively toward a nanoscale phase separation-like phenomenon, which precedes the precipitation of individual crystals of an LaYO3-based solid solution. Three distinctive subgrain microstructures are revealed by conventional TEM imaging. x=0 exhibits ferroelectric microdomains which completely transverse the grains, whereas for x=0.025 and 0.05, ferroelectric microdomains coexist with nanodomains. Other structural features such as core-shell-type substructures, {111} twins and dislocations are also observed in some grains. For x>0.10, only nanodomains are observed.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Materials and Engineering Research Institute > Structural Materials and Integrity Research Centre > Centre for Corrosion Technology
Identification Number: 10.1111/j.1551-2916.2010.04006.x
Depositing User: Helen Garner
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2012 14:53
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2012 14:55
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/4974

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