High-performance liquid chromatography/inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and tandem mass spectrometry for the detection of carbon-containing compounds

SMITH, C., JENSEN, B. P., WILSON, I. D., ABOU-SHAKRA, F. and CROWTHER, D. (2004). High-performance liquid chromatography/inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and tandem mass spectrometry for the detection of carbon-containing compounds. Rapid communications in mass spectrometry, 18 (13), 1487-1492.

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Link to published version:: 10.1002/rcm.1504

Abstract

High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) combined with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICPMS) has been studied as a means for the detection of carbon to provide a universal method for detecting organic compounds in chromatographic eluents. Carbon is particularly difficult to ionise and the amount of carbon present in normal chromatographic systems leads to high backgrounds, making detection a challenge. Novel separation approaches were therefore employed, using either entirely aqueous eluents (at temperatures of 60 and 160°C, dependent on the column used) to eliminate the organic modifier completely, or isotopically enriched solvents. For the aqueous eluents, detection limits for sulphanilamide were found to be 2.26 μg, corresponding to 1.13 μmol (0.47 μmol of carbon), injected on a conventional 4.6 mm i.d. column. The use of a narrow bore column with highly isotopically enriched 12C-methanol (99.95 atom%) as organic modifier for the mobile phase enabled the detection of 86 μmol for 13C-triple-labelled caffeine and 79 μmol for 13C-double-labelled phenacetin. The sensitive detection of 12C-compounds with 13C-enriched methanol as organic modifier proved impractical due to a lower level of isotopic enrichment (99 atom%) of this solvent, with the residual 12C-methanol resulting in significant interference.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Biomedical Research Centre
Identification Number: 10.1002/rcm.1504
Depositing User: Ann Betterton
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2008
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2009 18:23
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/423

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