Effects of esculin and esculetin on the survival of Escherichia coli O157 in human faecal slurries, continuous-flow simulations of the rumen and colon and in calves

DUNCAN, S. H., MCWILLIAM LEITCH, E. C., STANLEY, K. N., RICHARDSON, A. J., LAVEN, R. A., FLINT, H. J. and STEWART, C. S. (2004). Effects of esculin and esculetin on the survival of Escherichia coli O157 in human faecal slurries, continuous-flow simulations of the rumen and colon and in calves. British journal of nutrition, 91 (5), p. 749.

Full text not available from this repository.
Link to published version:: 10.1079/BJN20041101

Abstract

The human pathogen Escherichia coli O157:H7 is thought to be spread by direct or indirect contact with infected animal or human faeces. The present study investigated the effects of the plant coumarin esculin and its aglycone esculetin on the survival of a strain of E. coli O157 under gut conditions. The addition of these compounds to human faecal slurries and in vitro continuous-flow fermenter models simulating conditions in the human colon and rumen caused marked decreases in the survival of an introduced strain of E. coli O157. When four calves were experimentally infected with E. coli O157 and fed esculin, the pathogen was detected in five of twenty-eight (18%) of faecal samples examined post-inoculation, compared with thirteen of thirty-five (37%) of faecal samples examined from five control calves not fed esculin. Coumarin compounds that occur naturally in dietary plants or when supplemented in the diet probably inhibit the survival of E. coli O157 in the gut.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Biomedical Research Centre
Identification Number: 10.1079/BJN20041101
Depositing User: Ann Betterton
Date Deposited: 17 Mar 2008
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2009 18:23
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/405

Actions (login required)

View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics