Removal of exogenously bound elements from human hair by various washing procedures and determination by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry

MORTON, J., CAROLAN, V. A. and GARDINER, P. H. E. (2001). Removal of exogenously bound elements from human hair by various washing procedures and determination by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Analytica chimica acta, 455 (1), 23-34.

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Link to published version:: 10.1016/S0003-2670(01)01578-1

Abstract

A review of the literature shows that a variety of washing procedures to remove external contamination from hair have been proposed, but as yet no standardised procedures are available. In this study, methods for the pre-treatment and determination of antimony, arsenic, cadmium, chromium, lead, mercury and selenium in human hair by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) are developed. Investigations of various washing procedures to remove external contaminants show that in unexposed hair samples cadmium, lead and mercury are significantly removed from hair using a 0.1 M HCl wash, with 87, 73 and 5%, respectively being washed-off. The removal of antimony, arsenic and chromium from unexposed hair is, however, more efficient with 1% (v/v) sodium lauryl sulphate (SLS), with 43, 40 and 13% of each element, respectively being washed-off. Selenium is not removed from the hair by any of the washing methods studied. For the digestion of hair samples a digestion mixture of nitric acid and hydrogen peroxide is used. Experiments with simulated sweat spiked with each of these elements show that exogenously bound chromium, cadmium and lead are removed after washing with 0.1 M HCl. In contrast, antimony, arsenic, selenium and mercury irreversibly bind and, thus, are not removed with any of the washing solutions investigated. This work also compares hair levels of these elements in an unexposed and exposed group using the method developed.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Biomedical Research Centre
Identification Number: 10.1016/S0003-2670(01)01578-1
Depositing User: Ann Betterton
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2008
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2009 18:23
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/387

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