Spectroscopic studies of the biosorption of Gold(III) by dealginated seaweed waste

ROMERO-GONZALEZ, M. E., WILLIAMS, C. J., GARDINER, P. H. E., GURMAN, S. J. and HABESH, S. (2003). Spectroscopic studies of the biosorption of Gold(III) by dealginated seaweed waste. Environmental science and technology, 37 (18), p. 4163.

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Link to published version:: 10.1021/es020176w

Abstract

Gold biosorption by dealginated seaweed waste has been studied to elucidate the mechanisms of metal uptake from solution. Dealginated seaweed was able to retain up to 1 mmol g-1 of Au from solution at pH 3. FT-IR showed the presence of carboxylate groups on the surface of the biosorbent; however, the changes observed for the Au-bound samples suggested very little sorption to the carboxyl moieties. Colloidal Au formed on the surface of dealginated seaweed by reduction of Au(III) to Au(0) was observed using ESEM and four different types of particles were clearly identified. The Au distribution matched closely that obtained for S atoms indicating a possible link between these elements. EXAFS measurements showed that colloidal Au is present on the surface of the biosorbent. Evidence of gold reduction from Au(III) to Au(I) and Au(0) was also confirmed by the measured bond distances characteristic of the metal. The coordination number obtained by EXAFS indicated that approximately 75% of the Au on the sample was present in the colloidal form and the remaining Au was bound to S as nearest neighbor. The proposed mechanisms for Au removal from solution are reduction of Au species by components on the surface of the biosorbent to form colloidal metal followed by retention of the ionic Au(I) species at the sulfur containing sites. The results show that dealginated seaweed can be used for the cleanup of gold-containing effluents.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Biomedical Research Centre
Identification Number: 10.1021/es020176w
Depositing User: Ann Betterton
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2008
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2009 18:23
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/381

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