Increasing stochastic perturbations enhances acquisition and learning of complex sport movements

SCHOLLHORN, W, MICHELBRINK, M, WELMINSKI , D and DAVIDS, K (2009). Increasing stochastic perturbations enhances acquisition and learning of complex sport movements. In: ARAUJO, D, RIPOLL, H and RAAB, M, (eds.) Perspectives on cognition and action in sport. Nova Publishers, 59-73.

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Abstract

Traditionally, the aquisition of skills and sport movement has been characterised by numerous repetitions of presumed model movement pattern to be acquired by learners. This approach has been questioned by research identifying the presence of individualised movement patterns and the low probability of occurrence of two identical movements within and between individuals. In contrast, the differential learning approach claims advantage for incurring variability in the learning process by adding stochastic perturbations during practice. These ideas are exemplified by data from a high jump experiment which compared the effectiveness of classical and a differential training approach with pre-post test design. Results showed clear advantages for the group with additional stochastic perturbation during the aquisition phase in comparison to classically trained athletes. Analogies to similar phenomenological effects in the neurobiological literature are discussed.

Item Type: Book Section
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Centre for Sports Engineering Research
Depositing User: Carole Harris
Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2011 10:20
Last Modified: 11 Apr 2011 10:20
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/3331

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