Expertise and the regulation of gait in the approach phase of the long jump

SCOTT, M A, LI, F-X and DAVIDS, K (1997). Expertise and the regulation of gait in the approach phase of the long jump. Journal of Sports Sciences, 15 (6), 597-605.

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Official URL: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/RJSP
Link to published version:: 10.1080/026404197367038

Abstract

In the approach phase of the long jump, athletes attempt to strike the take-off board accurately with minimum loss of speed, and in an optimum body position for take-off. Previous research has shown that skilled long jumpers demonstrate an ascending-descending trend of variability rather than a consistent pattern of foot placement over trials. The present study examined whether non-long jumpers showed a similar pattern of variability in footfall placement between trials to skilled long jumpers. Consistency of foot placement over trials for non-long jumpers (n = 11) was determined using a panned video camera. Digitization of the foot position provided toe- board distances during the run-up phase. Our results showed that non-long jumpers have a similar pattern of descending variability near to the take-off board to expert long jumpers, suggesting the use of visual regulation. However, in comparison to more skilled subjects, non-long jumpers accumulated a considerably larger maximum mean standard deviation in footfall placement between trials (58 cm). Since non-long jumpers had no previous task-specific training, these data extend our current understanding of the regulation of goal-directed gait.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Centre for Sports Engineering Research
Identification Number: 10.1080/026404197367038
Depositing User: Carole Harris
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2011 10:31
Last Modified: 07 Apr 2011 10:31
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/3317

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