Manipulating visual informational constraints during practice enhances the acquisition of catching skill in children

BENNETT, S J, BUTTON, C, KINGSBURY, D and DAVIDS, K (1999). Manipulating visual informational constraints during practice enhances the acquisition of catching skill in children. Research quarterly for exercise and sport, 70 (3), 220-232.

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Abstract

Previous motor learning studies examining the effects of practicing to catch one-handed under varying informational constraints on subsequent skill acquisition are equivocal, perhaps due to the use of relatively inexperienced adult participants. Ecological theory predicts that directing the learner's search for information in the perceptual-motor workspace can enhance skill acquisition. This study manipulated visual informational constraints on novice children (ages 9-10 years) learning to catch one-handed. A crossover transfer design was implemented in which one group acted as controls while two other groups practiced either without visual restrictions before transferring to full vision, or vice versa. The data indicated that learners forced to seek additional information sources under restricted viewing conditions demonstrated a greater positive, accumulative residual effect on acquiring a catching skill. The findings contradict current work on the specificity of practice hypothesis and suggest that varying visual informational constraints to encourage exploratory practice may represent a significant pedagogical approach to motor learning in sport.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Centre for Sports Engineering Research
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Carole Harris
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2011 11:31
Last Modified: 07 Apr 2011 11:31
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/3314

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