Cesarean birth rates among migrants in Europe: A systematic review

CADMAN, Victoria, SOLTANI, Hora, SPENCER, Rachael, MARVIN-DOWLE, Katie and HARROP, Deborah (2023). Cesarean birth rates among migrants in Europe: A systematic review. Birth: Issues in Perinatal Care.

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Official URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/birt.1...
Open Access URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1111/b... (Published)
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1111/birt.12718


Background Cesarean birth (CB) rates have increased over recent years with concerns over differences between these rates in migrant communities compared with the rates among women in their receiving country. This review aimed at summarizing the available literature regarding the incidence of CB among migrants in Europe. Methods A systematic search of four electronic databases was carried out, including CINAHL, MEDLINE, Scopus, and Maternity and Infant Care. Identified studies were screened and their quality assessed. Meta-analysis was undertaken using Rev Man 5.4 where sufficient data were available. Otherwise, data were synthesized narratively. Results From the 435 records identified in searches, 21 papers were included. Analysis shows that overall CB rates were significantly lower for Syrian refugee women compared with women in their receiving country (Turkey) and higher for Iranian migrants than women in their host country. Emergency CB rates were significantly higher for migrant women from “Sub Saharan Africa” and the “South East Asia, Asia and Pacific” region than rates in the receiving country. Statistical significance was not found between other populations. Conclusions This review highlights differences between CB rates in certain migrant groups in comparison with women native to their host country, which merits further investigation for potential explanations. We also identified a need to standardize definitions and population groupings to enable more meaningful analysis. This review also highlights a substantial lack of data on CB rates between different population groups that could negatively impact the provision of care.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 11 Medical and Health Sciences; Obstetrics & Reproductive Medicine; 3213 Paediatrics; 4204 Midwifery; 4205 Nursing
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1111/birt.12718
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 21 Mar 2023 11:30
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2023 16:15
URI: https://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/31677

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