Trends in the annual consultation incidence and prevalence of low back pain and osteoarthritis in England from 2000 to 2019: comparative estimates from two clinical practice databases

YU, D., MISSEN, M., JORDAN, K.P., EDWARDS, J.J., BAILEY, J., WILKIE, R., FITZPATRICK, J., ALI, N., NIBLETT, P. and PEAT, George (2022). Trends in the annual consultation incidence and prevalence of low back pain and osteoarthritis in England from 2000 to 2019: comparative estimates from two clinical practice databases. Clinical Epidemiology, 2022 (14), 179-189.

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Official URL: https://www.dovepress.com/trends-in-the-annual-con...
Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.2147/CLEP.S337323 (Published version)
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.2147/CLEP.S337323
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Abstract

Purpose: To compare estimates of annual person-consulting incidence and prevalence of low back pain (LBP) and osteoarthritis for two national English electronic health record databases (Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) Aurum and CPRD GOLD). Patients and Methods: Retrospective, population-based, longitudinal cohort study. LBP and osteoarthritis cases were defined using established codelists in people aged ≥15 and ≥45 years, respectively. Incident cases were new recorded cases in a given calendar year with no relevant consultation in the previous 3 years (denominator = exact person-time in the same calendar year for the at-risk population). Prevalent cases were individuals with ≥1 consultation for the condition of interest recorded in a given calendar year, irrespective of prior consultations for the same condition (denominator = all patients with complete registration history in the previous 3 years). We estimated age-sex standardised incidence and annual (12-month period) prevalence for both conditions in 2000–2019, overall, and by sex, age group, and region. Results: Standardised incidence and prevalence of LBP from Aurum were lower than those from GOLD until 2014, after which estimates were similar. Both databases showed recent declines in incidence and prevalence of LBP: declines began earlier in GOLD (after 2012–2014) than Aurum (after 2014–2015). Standardised incidence (after 2011) and prevalence of osteoarthritis (after 2003) were higher in Aurum than GOLD and showed different trends: incidence and prevalence were stable or increasing in Aurum, decreasing in GOLD. Stratified estimates in CPRD Aurum suggested consistently higher occurrence among women, older age groups, and those living in the north of England. Conclusion: Comparative analyses of two English databases produced conflicting estimates and trends for two common musculos-keletal conditions. Aurum estimates appeared more consistent with external sources and may be useful for monitoring population musculoskeletal health and healthcare demand, but they remain sensitive to analytic decisions and data quality.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: musculoskeletal; electronic health records; epidemiologic methods; osteoarthritis; low back pain; primary care; electronic health records; epidemiologic methods; low back pain; musculoskeletal; osteoarthritis; primary care; 1103 Clinical Sciences; 1117 Public Health and Health Services
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.2147/CLEP.S337323
Page Range: 179-189
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 29 Jul 2022 13:55
Last Modified: 29 Jul 2022 13:55
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/30533

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