A systematic review of internet-based interventions for the prevention and self-management of cardiovascular diseases among people of African descent

USMAN, Jesse Enebi, CHILDS, Charmaine, ROGERSON, David and KLONIZAKIS, Markos (2022). A systematic review of internet-based interventions for the prevention and self-management of cardiovascular diseases among people of African descent. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (14): 8872.

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Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/19/14/8872
Open Access URL: https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/19/14/8872/pdf?vers... (Published version)
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19148872
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    Abstract

    Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, morbidity, and mortality among people of African descent (PAD) appear to be higher than in the general population. While it has been found that lifestyle changes can prevent around 90% of CVDs, implementing an effective lifestyle programme is expensive and time-consuming. It has been demonstrated that Internet-based interventions (IbIs) can effectively and inexpensively encourage lifestyle modifications to prevent and manage chronic diseases. Although a number of studies have examined the effectiveness of IbIs in the general population, no comprehensive study of the usefulness and acceptability of IbIs among PAD has been conducted. This is the knowledge gap that this study aimed to address. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Web of Science to identify eligible studies published from inception to February 2022. Thirteen articles met our criteria for inclusion. Our textual narrative synthesis produced inconsistent results; nonetheless, high acceptability of IbIs and a considerable improvement in clinical and behavioural outcomes associated with CVDs were reported in several trials. The findings of this review are constrained by clinical, methodological and statistical variability among the studies. To have a good grasp on the effect of IbIs on behaviour change in PAD at risk of CVDs, large-scale longitudinal studies with long-term follow-up are required.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: ** From MDPI via Jisc Publications Router ** Licence for this article: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ **Journal IDs: eissn 1660-4601 **History: published 21-07-2022; accepted 15-07-2022
    Uncontrolled Keywords: cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), digital health, mHealth, digital technology, people of African descent (PAD), internet-based intervention (IbIs), behavioural change, lifestyle interventions, cardiovascular risk factors
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19148872
    SWORD Depositor: Colin Knott
    Depositing User: Colin Knott
    Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2022 14:39
    Last Modified: 26 Jul 2022 14:39
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/30504

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