Effectiveness of a health literacy intervention Based on Transformative Learning and Incorporating Positive Psychology on Health Behavior and Well-Being of Thai Families with Ncds Risk

INTARAKAMHANG, Ungsinun and MACASKILL, Ann (2022). Effectiveness of a health literacy intervention Based on Transformative Learning and Incorporating Positive Psychology on Health Behavior and Well-Being of Thai Families with Ncds Risk. Journal of Public Health Research, 11 (2).

[img]
Preview
PDF
10.4081_jphr.2021.1935.pdf - Published Version
Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

Download (480kB) | Preview
Official URL: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.4081/jphr.2021...
Open Access URL: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.4081/jphr.... (Published version)
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.4081/jphr.2021.1935
Related URLs:

    Abstract

    Background: Thailand has a higher global non-communicable disease (NCD) mortality rate in comparison to the rest of the world, accounting for 75% and 71% of all deaths. WHO focused increasingly on health literacy (HL) in order to decrease NCDs. This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of an HL intervention utilizing transformative learning and positive psychology with mindfulness training in terms of changing levels of HL, health behavior (HB), and health outcomes. Design and methods: The study was a randomized control trial from May to September 2019. The participants were a rural Thai population with low levels of HL, living in an area with high levels of NCDs. The 200 participants were cluster randomly allocated to an eight-week intervention, and the control group. The data were collected by Likert questionnaires and physical exams, and analyzed via ANOVA. Results: The intervention group mean scores for HL, psychological capital, HB, and family well-being increased from baseline to post-intervention, but decreased during the follow-up but were still significantly higher than the control group and baseline scores. The increases in HL and HB were matched by improvements in physiological measurement. The BMI scores of the intervention group decreased in each phase, while the control group scores remained largely unchanged. An intervention group had significantly lower fasting blood sugar than the controls at the intervention and in the follow-up. There was no interaction between social support and any other variables. Conclusions: This program demonstrated improvements in HL, HB and the well- being of Thai families at risk of NCDs in rural communities.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: ** Embargo end date: 14-07-2022 ** From SAGE Publishing via Jisc Publications Router ** Licence for this article starting on 14-07-2022: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ **Journal IDs: eissn 2279-9036 **Article IDs: publisher-id: 10.4081_jphr.2021.1935 **History: published_online 14-07-2022; accepted 23-04-2021; submitted 07-09-2020
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Article, Positive psychology, health literacy, NCDs, health behavior, well-being
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.4081/jphr.2021.1935
    SWORD Depositor: Colin Knott
    Depositing User: Colin Knott
    Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2022 10:29
    Last Modified: 18 Jul 2022 10:29
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/30467

    Actions (login required)

    View Item View Item

    Downloads

    Downloads per month over past year

    View more statistics