Proof-of-Concept Study of the Use of Accelerometry to Quantify Knee Joint Movement and Assist with the Diagnosis of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

GARNER, Amelia Jane, SAATCHI, Reza, WARD, Oliver, NWAIZU, Harriet and HAWLEY, Daniel Philip (2022). Proof-of-Concept Study of the Use of Accelerometry to Quantify Knee Joint Movement and Assist with the Diagnosis of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis. Technologies, 10 (4): 76.

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Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2227-7080/10/4/76
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.3390/technologies10040076
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    Abstract

    Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the most common rheumatic disease in childhood. Seven children and young people (CYP) with a diagnosis of JIA and suspected active arthritis of a single knee joint were recruited for this proof-of-concept study. The presence of active arthritis was confirmed by clinical examination. Four tri-axial accelerometers were integrated individually in elastic bands and placed above and below each knee. Participants performed ten periodic flexion-extensions of each knee joint while lying down, followed by walking ten meters in a straight path. The contralateral (non-inflamed) knee joint acted as a control. Accelerometry data were concordant with the results of clinical examination in six out of the seven patients recruited. There was a significant difference between the accelerometry measured range of movement (ROM, p-value = 0.032) of the knees with active arthritis and the healthy contralateral knees during flexion-extension. No statistically significant difference was identified between the ROM of the knee joints with active arthritis and healthy knee joints during the walking test. The study demonstrated that accelerometry may help in differentiating between healthy knee joints and those with active arthritis; however, further research is required to confirm these findings.

    Item Type: Article
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.3390/technologies10040076
    SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
    Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
    Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2022 11:04
    Last Modified: 23 Jun 2022 11:04
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/30370

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