An intervention to promote self-management, independence and self-efficacy in people with early-stage dementia: the Journeying through Dementia RCT

MOUNTAIN, G., WRIGHT, J., COOPER, C.L., LEE, E., SPRANGE, K., BERESFORD-DENT, J., YOUNG, T., WALTERS, S., BERRY, K., DENING, T., LOBAN, A., TURTON, E., THOMAS, B.D., YOUNG, E.L., THOMPSON, B.J., CRAWFORD, B., CRAIG, Claire, BOWIE, P., MONIZ-COOK, E. and FOSTER, A. (2022). An intervention to promote self-management, independence and self-efficacy in people with early-stage dementia: the Journeying through Dementia RCT. Health technology assessment (Winchester, England), 26 (24).

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Official URL: https://www.journalslibrary.nihr.ac.uk/hta/KHHA086...
Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.3310/KHHA0861 (Published version)
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.3310/KHHA0861
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    Abstract

    BACKGROUND: There are few effective interventions for dementia. AIM: To determine the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of an intervention to promote self-management, independence and self-efficacy in people with early-stage dementia. OBJECTIVES: To undertake a randomised controlled trial of the Journeying through Dementia intervention compared with usual care, conduct an internal pilot testing feasibility, assess intervention delivery fidelity and undertake a qualitative exploration of participants' experiences. DESIGN: A pragmatic two-arm individually randomised trial analysed by intention to treat. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 480 people diagnosed with mild dementia, with capacity to make informed decisions, living in the community and not participating in other studies, and 350 supporters whom they identified, from 13 locations in England, took part. INTERVENTION: Those randomised to the Journeying through Dementia intervention (n = 241) were invited to take part in 12 weekly facilitated groups and four one-to-one sessions delivered in the community by secondary care staff, in addition to their usual care. The control group (n = 239) received usual care. Usual care included drug treatment, needs assessment and referral to appropriate services. Usual care at each site was recorded. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was Dementia-Related Quality of Life score at 8 months post randomisation, with higher scores representing higher quality of life. Secondary outcomes included resource use, psychological well-being, self-management, instrumental activities of daily living and health-related quality of life. RANDOMISATION AND BLINDING: Participants were randomised in a 1 : 1 ratio. Staff conducting outcome assessments were blinded. DATA SOURCES: Outcome measures were administered in participants' homes at baseline and at 8 and 12 months post randomisation. Interviews were conducted with participants, participating carers and interventionalists. RESULTS: The mean Dementia-Related Quality of Life score at 8 months was 93.3 (standard deviation 13.0) in the intervention arm (n = 191) and 91.9 (standard deviation 14.6) in the control arm (n = 197), with a difference in means of 0.9 (95% confidence interval -1.2 to 3.0; p = 0.380) after adjustment for covariates. This effect size (0.9) was less than the 4 points defined as clinically meaningful. For other outcomes, a difference was found only for Diener's Flourishing Scale (adjusted mean difference 1.2, 95% confidence interval 0.1 to 2.3), in favour of the intervention (i.e. in a positive direction). The Journeying through Dementia intervention cost £608 more than usual care (95% confidence interval £105 to £1179) and had negligible difference in quality-adjusted life-years (-0.003, 95% confidence interval -0.044 to 0.038). Therefore, the Journeying through Dementia intervention had a mean incremental cost per quality-adjusted life-year of -£202,857 (95% confidence interval -£534,733 to £483,739); however, there is considerable uncertainty around this. Assessed fidelity was good. Interviewed participants described receiving some benefit and a minority benefited greatly. However, negative aspects were also raised by a minority. Seventeen per cent of participants in the intervention arm and 15% of participants in the control arm experienced at least one serious adverse event. None of the serious adverse events were classified as related to the intervention. LIMITATIONS: Study limitations include recruitment of an active population, delivery challenges and limitations of existing outcome measures. CONCLUSIONS: The Journeying through Dementia programme is not clinically effective, is unlikely to be cost-effective and cannot be recommended in its existing format. FUTURE WORK: Research should focus on the creation of new outcome measures to assess well-being in dementia and on using elements of the intervention, such as enabling enactment in the community. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial is registered as ISRCTN17993825. FUNDING: This project was funded by the National Institute for Health and Care Research (NIHR) Health Technology Assessment programme and will be published in full in Health Technology Assessment; Vol. 26, No. 24. See the NIHR Journals Library website for further project information.

    Plain Text Summary

    There are few services proven effective for people with mild dementia. We therefore explored the potential benefit of a programme called Journeying through Dementia. The content, devised in partnership with people living with dementia, aims to help affected individuals to live well and participate in life. The programme involves meeting in groups of about eight every week for 12 weeks. Each person also has four face-to-face meetings with a staff member. Carers are invited to 3 of the 12 group meetings to all individual meetings if the participant wanted this involvement. A total of 480 people with dementia and 350 carers from 13 locations in England took part. Just over half of the participants were randomly allocated to the new programme, whereas the others were not. This allowed us to compare the groups. We were interested in whether or not attending the Journeying through Dementia programme improved participants’ quality of life. The results showed that it did not. We also measured participants’ mood, self-management skills, positive attitudes and ability with daily living skills. Only one measure of positive psychology suggested even a small benefit. There was no difference between groups in the remaining measures. Although some individual participants described being more confident, enjoying social contact, trying new activities, feeling valued and having increased independence, overall, the programme is unlikely to be worth implementing. Certain aspects of the programme are worth implementing.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: The published online date was taken from the page source.
    Uncontrolled Keywords: ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING; COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS; DEMENTIA; EARLY DIAGNOSIS; GOALS; INTENTION TO TREAT ANALYSIS; OUTCOME ASSESSMENT (HEALTH CARE); QUALITATIVE RESEARCH; QUALITY OF LIFE; RESEARCH DESIGN; SELF EFFICACY; SELF-MANAGEMENT; SURVEYS AND QUESTIONNAIRES; WELL-BEING; Activities of Daily Living; Cost-Benefit Analysis; Dementia; Humans; Quality of Life; Self Efficacy; Self-Management; Humans; Dementia; Activities of Daily Living; Self Efficacy; Quality of Life; Cost-Benefit Analysis; Self-Management; 0806 Information Systems; 0807 Library and Information Studies; 1117 Public Health and Health Services; Health Policy & Services
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.3310/KHHA0861
    SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
    Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
    Date Deposited: 30 May 2022 15:33
    Last Modified: 30 May 2022 15:40
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/30275

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