Self-Affirmation and Image/Performance Enhancing Drug Use in Recreational Exercise.

BARKOUKIS, Vassilis, HARRIS, Peter R, ROWE, Richard and LAZURAS, Lambros (2022). Self-Affirmation and Image/Performance Enhancing Drug Use in Recreational Exercise. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport.

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Official URL: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02701...
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2022.2046253
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    Abstract

    Objectives: The use of image and performance enhancement drugs (IPEDs) in recreational sport represents an emerging public health and societal problem. The present study investigated whether self-affirmation changed exercisers' intentions to use IPEDs, via the effects of mental construal and message acceptance. Method: Sixty-eight exercisers who self-reported IPEDs use participated in the study and were randomly assigned to either a self-affirmation or a control group. All participants read a health-related message about the 10 consequences of IPEDs and subsequently completed a survey measuring message acceptance, mental construal, doping intentions and IPEDs-related social cognitive variables. Results: There were no significant differences between the self-affirmed and the control groups. Hierarchical linear regression analysis further showed that message acceptance, subjective norms, and situational temptation were significantly associated with intentions to use IPEDs. Conclusion: Our findings raise the possibility that for recreational exercisers IPED's use is seen mostly as a health-related matter than a socio-moral transgression.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Exercise; IPEDs; mental construal; message acceptance; recreational sport; self-affirmation; Sport Sciences; 1106 Human Movement and Sports Sciences; 1302 Curriculum and Pedagogy; 1701 Psychology
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2022.2046253
    SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
    Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
    Date Deposited: 18 May 2022 11:10
    Last Modified: 19 May 2022 08:29
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/30240

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