The impacts of diversification strategy on the financial performance of insurers

SHOJAEI, Seyed Amirhossein (2021). The impacts of diversification strategy on the financial performance of insurers. Doctoral, Sheffield Hallam University.

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Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.7190/shu-thesis-00426
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    Abstract

    The thesis examines the impacts of diversification strategy on the financial performance of firms in the insurance industry. It investigates the impacts of different dimensions of the diversification strategy, including product, geographic, staff, and technological diversification, on insurers' financial performance while considering some essential control variables such as type, size, age, and ownership structure of the companies. The research measures financial performance with the return on equity (ROE) and the return on assets (ROA). The thesis employs the mixed methods research methodology using qualitative and quantitative data collected from Iranian insurance companies, while the data is analysed quantitatively. Two separate studies are conducted to evaluate the impacts of different dimensions of diversification strategy on firms' financial performance. Specifically, the first study focuses on the impact of technological diversification strategy on a firm's financial performance. This study uses the primary data associated with technological diversification through a questionnaire survey with managers from 31 Iranian insurance companies, as the data for technological diversification is not available as secondary data. The data associated with firms' financial performance is collected from reports annually published by the Central Insurance of Iran. Employing the Structural Equation Modelling method enabled by Smart PLS 3 software to analyse the primary data, the study reports mixed effects of technological diversification on the financial performance of Iranian insurers. The second study focuses on investigating the impacts of product, geographic and staff diversification strategies on the financial performance of Iranian insurers. This study employs secondary data collected from the annual reports of the Central Insurance of Iran (from 2011 to 2020). Using econometric techniques for panel data (e.g., fixed effects) enabled by EViews 10 software, the study finds some 3 significant impacts of different dimensions of diversification strategy on the financial performance of Iranian insurers. This thesis is novel in several ways. First, it uses new measurement methods for different dimensions of the diversification strategy, specifically for product diversification and technological diversification. Second, this is the first study in diversification-firms' financial performance literature that combines all four dimensions in a single study. Third, this research benefits from different theoretical perspectives to synthesise the literature and interpret the findings. Therefore, the thesis is not bound or biased to any single theoretical lens. Finally, it provides robust and comprehensive findings for both researchers and practitioners in the insurance industry.

    Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
    Additional Information: Director of studies: Dr. Hanh Pham / Supervisor: Samah Issa
    Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Sheffield Hallam Doctoral Theses
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.7190/shu-thesis-00426
    Depositing User: Colin Knott
    Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2022 13:35
    Last Modified: 15 Mar 2022 14:16
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/29923

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