Anemia prevalence in women of reproductive age in low- and middle-income countries between 2000 and 2018

KINYOKI, Damaris, OSGOOD-ZIMMERMAN, Aaron E., BHATTACHARJEE, Natalia V., KASSEBAUM, Nicholas J., HAY, Simon I., SCHAEFFER, Lauren E., LAZZAR-ATWOOD, Alice, LU, Dan, EWALD, Samuel B., DONKERS, Katie M., LETOURNEAU, Ian D., COLLISON, Michael, SCHIPP, Megan F., ABAJOBIR, Amanuel, ABBASI, Sima, ABBASI, Nooshin, ABBASIFARD, Mitra, ABBASI-KANGEVARI, Mohsen, ABBASTABAR, Hedayat, ABD-ALLAH, Foad, ABDELALIM, Ahmed, ABD-ELSALAM, Sherief M., ABDOLI, Amir, ABDOLLAHPOUR, Ibrahim, ABEDI, Aidin, ABOLHASSANI, Hassan, ABRAHAM, Biju, ABREU, Lucas Guimarães, ABRIGO, Michael R. M., ABUALHASAN, Ahmed, ABU-GHARBIEH, Eman, ABUSHOUK, Abdelrahman I., ACCROMBESSI, Manfred Mario Kokou, ADABI, Maryam, ADEBAYO, Oladimeji M., ADEGBOSIN, Adeyinka Emmanuel, ADEKANMBI, Victor, ADETOKUNBOH, Olatunji O., ADEYINKA, Daniel Adedayo, ADHAM, Davoud, ADVANI, Shailesh M., AGASTHI, Pradyumna, AGHAALI, Mohammad, AHMAD, Sohail, AHMAD, Tauseef, AHMADI, Keivan, AHMADI, Sepideh, AHMED, Muktar Beshir, AICHOUR, Miloud Taki Eddine, AJI, Budi, AKINYEMI, Oluwaseun Oladapo, AKLILU, Addis, AKUNNA, Chisom Joyqueenet, AL-ALY, Ziyad, ALANZI, Turki M., ALCALDE-RABANAL, Jacqueline Elizabeth, ALEMU, Biresaw Wassihun, ALEMU, Ayinalem, ALHASSAN, Robert Kaba, ALIF, Sheikh Mohammad, ALIPOUR, Vahid, ALIZADE, Hesam, ALJUNID, Syed Mohamed, ALMASI-HASHIANI, Amir, AL-MEKHLAFI, Hesham M., AL-RADDADI, Rajaa M., ALVIS-GUZMAN, Nelson, AMINI, Saeed, AMIRI, Fatemeh, AMUGSI, Dickson A., ANBER, Nahla Hamed, ANCUCEANU, Robert, ANDREI, Tudorel, ANEGAGO, Masresha Tessema, ANJOMSHOA, Mina, ANSARI, Fereshteh, ANSARI-MOGHADDAM, Alireza, ANTENEH, Zelalem Alamrew, ANTRIYANDARTI, Ernoiz, ANVARI, Davood, ANWER, Razique, AQEEL, Muhammad, ARABLOO, Jalal, ARAB-ZOZANI, Morteza, AREMU, Olatunde, ARERI, Habtamu Abera, ARTAMAN, Al, ARZANI, Afsaneh, ASAAD, Malke, ASADI-ALIABADI, Mehran, ASADI-POOYA, Ali A., ASEMAHAGN, Mulusew A., ASGHARI JAFARABADI, Mohammad, ASHEBIR, Mengistu M., ATARO, Zerihun, ATHARI, Seyyede Masoume, ATHARI, Seyyed Shamsadin, ATOUT, Maha Moh’d Wahbi, AUSLOOS, Marcel, AWOKE, Nefsu, AYALA QUINTANILLA, Beatriz Paulina, AYANO, Getinet, AYANORE, Martin Amogre, AYNALEM, Yared Asmare, AYZA, Muluken Altaye, AZADMEHR, Abbas, B, Darshan, BABALOLA, Tesleem Kayode, BADAWI, Alaa, BADIYE, Ashish D., BAHRAMI, Mohammad Amin, BAIRWA, Mohan, BAKKANNAVAR, Shankar M., BANIK, Palash Chandra, BARAKI, Adhanom Gebreegziabher, BARBOZA, Miguel A., BASALEEM, Huda, BASU, Sanjay, BAYATI, Mohsen, BAYE, Bayisa Abdissa, BAZMANDEGAN, Gholamreza, BEDI, Neeraj, BEKUMA, Tariku Tesfaye Tesfaye, BELL, Michelle L., BENSENOR, Isabela M., BERHE, Kidanemaryam, BERHE, Abadi Kidanemariam, BERHIE, Kidanemariam Alem, BHANDARI, Dinesh, BHARDWAJ, Nikha, BHARDWAJ, Pankaj, BHATTACHARYYA, Krittika, BHATTARAI, Suraj, BHUTTA, Zulfiqar A., BIJANI, Ali, BIKBOV, Boris, BIONDI, Antonio, BIRHANU, Minyichil, BISWAS, Raaj Kishore, BOCKARIE, Moses John, BOHLOULI, Somayeh, BOHLULI, Mahdi, BOLOOR, Archith, BORZOUEI, Shiva, BRAGAZZI, Nicola Luigi, BRAITHWAITE, Dejana, BRUNONI, Andre R., BURUGINA NAGARAJA, Sharath, BUTT, Zahid A., CAETANO DOS SANTOS, Florentino Luciano, CÁMERA, Luis Alberto, CAR, Josip, CÁRDENAS, Rosario, CARVALHO, Felix, CASTALDELLI-MAIA, Joao Mauricio, CASTAÑEDA-ORJUELA, Carlos A., CASTRO, Franz, CEVIK, Muge, CHANIE, Wagaye Fentahun, CHARAN, Jaykaran, CHATTERJEE, Souranshu, CHATTU, Vijay Kumar, CHATURVEDI, Sarika, CHEN, Simiao, CHIN, Ken Lee, CHOWDHURY, Mohiuddin Ahsanul Kabir, COOK, Aubrey J., COSTA, Vera Marisa, CROMWELL, Elizabeth A., DACHEW, Berihun Assefa, DAGNE, Henok, DAGNEW, Baye, DAHIRU, Tukur, DAHLAWI, Saad M. A., DAI, Haijiang, DAI, Hancheng, DANDONA, Lalit, DANDONA, Rakhi, DANESHPAJOUHNEJAD, Parnaz, DAOUD, Farah, DAS, Jai K., DAS GUPTA, Rajat, DASH, Aditya Prasad, DÁVILA-CERVANTES, Claudio Alberto, DAVLETOV, Kairat, DEEBA, Farah, DE NEVE, Jan-Walter, DENOVA-GUTIÉRREZ, Edgar, DERIBE, Kebede, DESALEW, Assefa, DESSIE, Getenet Ayalew, DEY, Sagnik, DHIMAL, Meghnath, DHUNGANA, Govinda Prasad, DIANATINASAB, Mostafa, DIAZ, Daniel, DIPEOLU, Isaac Oluwafemi, DJALALINIA, Shirin, DO, Hoa Thi, DOROSTKAR, Fariba, DOSHMANGIR, Leila, DUKO, Bereket, DURAES, Andre Rodrigues, EARL, Lucas, EDINUR, Hisham Atan, EFENDI, Ferry, ELAYEDATH, Rajesh, ELEMA, Teshome Bekele, ELHABASHY, Hala Rashad, EL-JAAFARY, Shaimaa I., EL SAYED, Iman, EL SAYED ZAKI, Maysaa, ELSHARKAWY, Aisha, EL-SHERBINY, Yasser Mohamed, EL TANTAWI, Maha, ENDALEW, Daniel Adane, ESHRATI, Babak, ESKANDARI, Khalil, ESKANDARIEH, Sharareh, FADHIL, Ibtihal, FARAON, Emerito Jose A., FAREED, Mohammad, FARIS, Pawan Sirwan, FARWATI, Medhat, FARZADFAR, Farshad, FASANMI, Abidemi Omolara, FATTAHI, Nazir, FAUK, Nelsensius Klau, FEIGIN, Valery L., FELEKE, Berhanu Elfu, FERESHTEHNEJAD, Seyed-Mohammad, FERNANDES, Eduarda, FERRARA, Pietro, FOIGT, Nataliya A., FOMENKOV, Artem Alekseevich, FOROUTAN, Masoud, FRANCIS, Joel Msafiri, FRANKLIN, Richard Charles, FREITAS, Marisa, FUKUMOTO, Takeshi, GAD, Mohamed M., GAIDHANE, Abhay Motiramji, GAYESA, Reta Tsegaye, GEBEREMARIYAM, Biniyam Sahiledengle, GEBREGIORGIS, Birhan Gebresillassie, GEBREMARIAM, Hadush, GEBREMARIAM, Tesfay B. 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Anemia prevalence in women of reproductive age in low- and middle-income countries between 2000 and 2018. Nature Medicine, 27 (10), 1761-1782.

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Official URL: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41591-021-01498-0
Open Access URL: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41591-021-01498-0... (Published version)
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41591-021-01498-0
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    Abstract

    Abstract: Anemia is a globally widespread condition in women and is associated with reduced economic productivity and increased mortality worldwide. Here we map annual 2000–2018 geospatial estimates of anemia prevalence in women of reproductive age (15–49 years) across 82 low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), stratify anemia by severity and aggregate results to policy-relevant administrative and national levels. Additionally, we provide subnational disparity analyses to provide a comprehensive overview of anemia prevalence inequalities within these countries and predict progress toward the World Health Organization’s Global Nutrition Target (WHO GNT) to reduce anemia by half by 2030. Our results demonstrate widespread moderate improvements in overall anemia prevalence but identify only three LMICs with a high probability of achieving the WHO GNT by 2030 at a national scale, and no LMIC is expected to achieve the target in all their subnational administrative units. Our maps show where large within-country disparities occur, as well as areas likely to fall short of the WHO GNT, offering precision public health tools so that adequate resource allocation and subsequent interventions can be targeted to the most vulnerable populations.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: ** From Springer Nature via Jisc Publications Router ** Licence for this article: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ **Journal IDs: pissn 1078-8956; eissn 1546-170X **Article IDs: publisher-id: s41591-021-01498-0; manuscript: 1498 **History: published 12-10-2021; online 12-10-2021; published 10-2021; registration 10-08-2021; accepted 10-08-2021; submitted 03-06-2020
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Article, /692/499, /692/699, article
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41591-021-01498-0
    Page Range: 1761-1782
    SWORD Depositor: Colin Knott
    Depositing User: Colin Knott
    Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2021 13:24
    Last Modified: 18 Oct 2021 13:24
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/29181

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