Parenting styles and types: Breastfeeding attitudes in a large sample of mothers

DAVIS, Abi M.B., COLEMAN, Charlotte and KRAMER, Robin S.S. (2021). Parenting styles and types: Breastfeeding attitudes in a large sample of mothers. Midwifery, 103.

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/...
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2021.103142
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    Abstract

    Objective The importance of breastfeeding for both maternal and infant health is well established. However, it remains the case that only a small percentage of infants are breastfed after the first six months of life. Maternal negative breastfeeding attitudes are associated with a reduced likelihood of breastfeeding an infant, but they are a malleable target for practitioner interventions. By adjusting perceptions, and therefore behaviours within the population, maternal and infant health outcomes may be improved. As such, it is important to understand whether certain types of mother might feel more negatively about breastfeeding. Here. we investigated the relationships between parenting styles, personality traits, and breastfeeding attitudes. In addition, we aimed to address the interrelated nature of parenting styles by identifying ‘types’ of mother who may feel more negatively about breastfeeding. Design A cross-sectional survey was used in order to measure parenting styles, personality traits, and attitudes to breastfeeding. Participants A sample of 1,347 mothers (age M = 31.4 years, SD = 7.4 years) participated. Recruitment took place through online mother and baby groups based predominantly in the United Kingdom. Results More permissive and less uninvolved mothers felt positively about breastfeeding, but limited associations between personality factors and breastfeeding attitudes were found. We applied a cluster analytical approach to investigate whether there were particular ‘types’ of mothers in our sample, and if these showed systematic differences. Our analyses revealed two profiles, best described as ‘high nurturance’ (high scoring on authoritative and permissive) and ‘low nurturance’ (low scoring on these dimensions). These two types of mother showed significant differences along all four parenting styles, and our ‘high nurturance’ type was more conscientious and emotionally stable, and felt more positively about breastfeeding. Conclusions Parenting styles were associated with breastfeeding attitudes. Through identifying an underlying nurturance dimension that best explains differences in parenting styles across mothers, we provide a potential avenue to improving breastfeeding attitudes. By focussing on ‘low nurturance’ mothers in particular, professionals may be able to provide interventions to improve breastfeeding attitudes and, as a result, address low rates of breastfeeding in the UK.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: ** Article version: AM ** Embargo end date: 31-12-9999 ** From Elsevier via Jisc Publications Router ** Licence for AM version of this article: This article is under embargo with an end date yet to be finalised. **Journal IDs: issn 02666138 **History: issued 14-09-2021; accepted 05-09-2021
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2021.103142
    SWORD Depositor: Colin Knott
    Depositing User: Colin Knott
    Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2021 08:50
    Last Modified: 29 Sep 2021 09:35
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/29067

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