End-to-end SARS-CoV-2 transmission risks in sport: Current evidence and practical recommendations

JONES, Ben, PHILLIPS, Gemma, VALERIANI, Federica, EDWARDS, Thomas, ADAMS, Emily, BONADONNA, Lucia, COPELAND, Robert, CROSS, Matthew, DALTON, Caroline, HODGSON, Lisa, JIMENEZ, Alfonso, KEMP, Simon, PATRICIOS, Jon, ROMANO SPICA, Vincenzo, STOKES, Keith, WEED, Mike and BEGGS, Clive (2021). End-to-end SARS-CoV-2 transmission risks in sport: Current evidence and practical recommendations. South African Journal of Sports Medicine, 33 (1), 1-17.

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    Abstract

    The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has caused disruption to professional and recreational sports across the world. The SARS-CoV-2 virus can be transmitted by relatively large respiratory droplets that behave ballistically, and exhaled aerosol droplets, which potentially pose a greater risk. This review provides a summary of end-to-end SARS-CoV-2 transmission risk factors for sport and an overview of transmission mechanisms to be considered by all stakeholders. The risk of SARS-CoV-2 transmission is greatest indoors, and primarily influenced by the ventilation of the environment and the close proximity of individuals. The SARS-CoV-2 transmission risks outdoors, e.g. via water, and from fomites, appear less than initially thought. Mitigation strategies include good end-to-end scenario planning of activities to optimise physical distancing, face mask wearing and hygiene practice of individuals, the environment and equipment. The identification and removal of infectious individuals should be undertaken by means of the taking of temperature and COVID-19 symptom screening, and the use of diagnostic monitoring tests to identify asymptomatic individuals. Using adequate video footage, data from proximity technology and subject interviews, the identification and isolation of ‘close contacts’ should also be undertaken to limit SARS-CoV-2 transmission within sporting environments and into the wider community. Sports should aim to undertake activities outdoors where possible, given the lower SARS-CoV-2 transmission risk, in comparison to indoor environments

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: 1106 Human Movement and Sports Sciences
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.17159/2078-516x/2021/v33i1a11210
    Page Range: 1-17
    SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
    Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
    Date Deposited: 16 Aug 2021 12:59
    Last Modified: 16 Aug 2021 12:59
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/28946

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