The Influence of Game Theory in HM Revenue and Customs’ Choice of Civil or Criminal Enforcement

MARSON, James and KHAN, Hamza (2021). The Influence of Game Theory in HM Revenue and Customs’ Choice of Civil or Criminal Enforcement. Business Law Review, 41 (6), 282-290.

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    Abstract

    This article outlines the method by which self-employed individuals assess and fulfil their income tax obligations. The civil and criminal investigative powers available to Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs (HMRC) are analysed, adopting a comparative approach, following which we present an application of game theory in determining the strategy for the most advantageous options available to both the taxpayer and HMRC for payment and recovery, respectively. Game theory provides an explanation for the conscious and purposeful decision-making of competing parties, based often on incomplete information and/or the intentions of the parties. This is particularly apt given the nature of the self-assessment tax regime in England and Wales with the choice of the taxpayer to fairly and honestly disclose their income and the tax to be paid, and equally HMRC with its choice to accept or challenge the details in the taxpayer’s return. As such, we use game theory as a means for determining optimal behaviours in difficult circumstances.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: Published online date taken from Journal metadata
    Uncontrolled Keywords: 1801 Law
    Page Range: 282-290
    SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
    Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
    Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2021 09:48
    Last Modified: 12 Jan 2022 12:15
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/28915

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