(Hydroxy)apatite on cement: insights into a new surface treatment

TURNER, Ronald, BOTS, Pieter, RICHARDSON, Alan, BINGHAM, Paul, SCRIMSHIRE, Alex, BROWN, Andrew, S'ARI, Mark, HARRINGTON, John, CUMBERLAND, Susan, RENSHAW, Joanna, BAKER, Matthew, EDWARDS, Paul, JENKINS, Cerys and HAMILTON, Andrea (2021). (Hydroxy)apatite on cement: insights into a new surface treatment. RSC Materials Advances.

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Official URL: https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/202...
Open Access URL: https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlepdf/2021/ma... (Published version)
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1039/D1MA00320H


(Hydroxy)apatite [Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2], has emerging potential as a cement coating material, with applications in environmental remediation, nuclear waste storage and architectural preservation. In these low temperature environments and when precipitating from aqueous solution on to a porous substrate, the crystal size, nucleation sites and modified surface properties created are key to designing the most effective coating. In this study we show that bacterial (biogenic) or chemical (abiotic) syntheses on to Portland cement alter these critical performance parameters. We identify the most significant difference between these two methods is the rate of pH change of the solution during synthesis, as this alters the surface properties and layer structure of HAp formed on cement. We show that iron present in Portland cement is not incorporated into the HAp structure; that formation of nanoparticulate/nanocrystalline HAp begins in the top 20 – 50 μm of the cement pore structure; and that a pH rise in the deposition solution controlled by bacteria metabolic activity leads to a rougher and more hydrophobic HAp coating compared to the abiotic synthesis. The results present the possibility of tailoring the surface topography and hydrophobicity of (hydroxy)apatite coated cement.

Item Type: Article
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1039/D1MA00320H
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2021 12:11
Last Modified: 16 Sep 2021 16:00
URI: https://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/28826

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