Effect of materials and design on the bending stiffness of tennis rackets

TARABORRELLI, Luca, CHOPPIN, Simon, HAAKE, Steve, MOHR, Stefan and ALLEN, Tom (2021). Effect of materials and design on the bending stiffness of tennis rackets. European Journal of Physics, 42 (6), 065005.

Taraborrelli+et+al_2021_Eur._J._Phys._10.1088_1361-6404_ac1146.pdf - Accepted Version
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Official URL: https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1361-64...
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6404/ac1146
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    Lawn tennis rackets have changed considerably since the origins of the game. Early rackets were wooden, making them heavier and more flexible than modern designs made from fibre-polymer composites. The fundamental frequency of a freely suspended tennis racket is often used as an analogue to stiffness, despite it being dependent on mass. We estimate the bending stiffness of 525 rackets, dating from 1874 to 2017, using a uniform beam model that accounts for mass. The model suggests composite rackets are typically about twice as stiff as their wooden predecessors. Applying typical values of Young's modulus, density and second moment of area, the model was used to demonstrate the benefits of fibre-polymer composites for making lightweight, stiff rackets. Undergraduate students could make use of our large dataset of tennis rackets to explore these patterns themselves. They could also go on to measure the dimensions, mass and fundamental frequency of tennis rackets and model them as a uniform beam. Students could also apply the theory to other implements, like badminton and squash rackets or baseball and cricket bats.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: General Physics; 0203 Classical Physics; 0204 Condensed Matter Physics
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6404/ac1146
    Page Range: 065005
    SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
    Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
    Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2021 11:31
    Last Modified: 29 Sep 2022 01:18
    URI: https://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/28822

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