One Does Not Fit All: European Study Shows Significant Differences in Value-Priorities in Clean Sport

WOOLWAY, Toby, ELBE, Anne-Marie, BARKOUKIS, Vassilis, BINGHAM, Kevin, BOCHAVER, Konstantin, BONDAREV, Dmitriy, HUDSON, Andy, KRONENBERG, Lara, LAZURAS, Lambros, MALLIA, Luca, NTOVOLIS, Yannis, ZELLI, Arnaldo and PETRÓCZI, Andrea (2021). One Does Not Fit All: European Study Shows Significant Differences in Value-Priorities in Clean Sport. Frontiers in Sports and Active Living, 3.

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Official URL: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fspor...
Open Access URL: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fspor... (Published version)
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.3389/fspor.2021.662542
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    Abstract

    Doping violates the Spirit of Sport and is thought to contradict the values which underpin this spirit. Values-based education (VBE) has been cited as a key element for creating a clean sport culture across age groups. Culturally relevant VBE requires understanding of the values that motivate athletes from different countries to practice their sport and uphold clean sport values. WADA's new International Standards for Education makes this study both needed and timely. Overall, 1,225 athletes from Germany, Greece, Italy, Russia, and the UK responded to measures assessing their general values, Spirit of Sport values, and their perceived importance of “clean sport”. MaxDiff analysis identified the most important values to participants based on their respective country of residence. Correlation analysis was conducted to assess the relationship between importance of clean sport and Spirit of Sport values. There were significant differences between participant nationality and their perceived importance of clean sport [F(4, 1,204) = 797.060, p < 0.000], the most important general values (p < 0.05), and Spirit of Sport values (p < 0.05). Moderate positive correlations were observed between the perceived importance of clean sport and honesty and ethics (r = 0.538, p < 0.005) and respecting the rules of sport (r = 0.507, p < 0.005). When designing the values-based component of anti-doping education programs, athletes' different value-priorities across countries should be considered.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: ** From Frontiers via Jisc Publications Router ** Licence for this article: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ **Journal IDs: eissn 2624-9367 **History: published_online 24-05-2021; accepted 25-03-2021; submitted 01-02-2021; collection 2021
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Sports and Active Living, sport values, culture, clean sport, values-based education, anti-doping
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.3389/fspor.2021.662542
    SWORD Depositor: Colin Knott
    Depositing User: Colin Knott
    Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2021 09:38
    Last Modified: 07 Jun 2021 09:45
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/28720

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