Enskilment: an Ecological-Anthropological Worldview of Skill, Learning and Education in Sport

WOODS, Carl T., RUDD, James, GRAY, Rob and DAVIDS, Keith (2021). Enskilment: an Ecological-Anthropological Worldview of Skill, Learning and Education in Sport. Sports Medicine - Open, 7 (1), p. 33.

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Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40798-021-00326-6
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    Abstract

    Abstract: The aim of this paper is to explore a different, more relational worldview of skill, learning and education in sport. To do this, we turn to the work of social anthropologist, Tim Ingold, leaning on the notion of enskilment, which proposes that learning is inseparable from doing and place. From this worldview, what is learned is not an established body of knowledge, transmitted into the mind of a passive recipient from an authorised being, but is a progressively deepening embodied-embedded attentiveness, where an individual learns to self-regulate by becoming more responsive to people and environmental features by ‘looking, listening and feeling’. As we discuss, Ingold’s perspectives on enskilment are rooted in the etymological connotations of education—ex-ducere, which roughly means ‘to lead out’. In applying this notion to sport, we unpack three of its entangled components, taskscapes, guided attention, and wayfinding, detailing the implications of each for the growth of enskilled sports performers. To promote the translation of these ideas, in addition to encouraging their inquiry beyond the scope of what is discussed here, sporting examples are threaded throughout the paper.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: ** From Springer Nature via Jisc Publications Router ** Licence for this article: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ **Journal IDs: pissn 2199-1170; eissn 2198-9761 **Article IDs: publisher-id: s40798-021-00326-6; manuscript: 326 **History: published 12-2021; online 21-05-2021; published 21-05-2021; registration 11-05-2021; accepted 10-05-2021; submitted 03-02-2021
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Current Opinion, Social anthropology, Ecological psychology, Ecological dynamics, Knowledge, Self-regulation
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40798-021-00326-6
    Page Range: p. 33
    SWORD Depositor: Colin Knott
    Depositing User: Colin Knott
    Date Deposited: 26 May 2021 11:55
    Last Modified: 26 May 2021 12:00
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/28679

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