‘Function First’: How to promote physical activity and physical function in people with long-term conditions managed in primary care? A study combining realist and co-design methods.

LAW, Rebecca-Jane, LANGLEY, Joseph, HALL, Beth, BURTON, Christopher, HISCOCK, JuliA, WILLIAMS, Lynne, MORRISON, Valerie, LEMMY, Andrew Bruce, LOVELL-SMITH, Candida, GALLANDERS, John, COONEY, Jennifer and WILLIAMS, Nefyn Howard (2021). ‘Function First’: How to promote physical activity and physical function in people with long-term conditions managed in primary care? A study combining realist and co-design methods. BMJ Open.

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    Abstract

    Objectives To develop a taxonomy of interventions and a programme theory explaining how interventions improve physical activity and function in people with long-term conditions managed in primary care. To co-design a prototype intervention informed by the programme theory. Design Realist synthesis combining evidence from a wide range of rich and relevant literature with stakeholder views. Resulting context, mechanism and outcome (CMO) statements informed co-design and knowledge mobilisation workshops with stakeholders to develop a primary care service innovation. Results A taxonomy was produced, including thirteen categories of physical activity interventions for people with long-term conditions. Abridged realist programme theory: Routinely addressing physical activity within consultations is dependent on a reinforcing practice culture, and targeted resources with better coordination will generate more opportunities to address low physical activity. The adaptation of physical activity promotion to individual needs and preferences of people with long-term conditions is helpful in affecting positive patient behaviour change. Training can improve the knowledge, confidence and capability of practice staff to better promote physical activity. Engagement in any physical activity promotion programme will depend on the degree to which it makes sense to patients and professions, and is seen as trustworthy. These statements informed the co-design of a prototype intervention to improve physical literacy amongst practice staff, describe/develop the role of a physical activity advisor who can encourage people to use local opportunities to be more active, and materials to support this behaviour change. Conclusions Previous physical activity interventions in primary care have had limited effect, perhaps because they only partially address factors emerging in our programme theory. Our prototype intervention addresses all the elements of this emergent theory, but needs further development and consideration alongside current schemes and contexts (including COVID-19 restrictions), and testing in a future study. The integration of realist and co-design methods strengthened this study.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Physical activity; physical function; long-term conditions; primary care; realist synthesis; co-design; co-production; 1103 Clinical Sciences; 1117 Public Health and Health Services; 1199 Other Medical and Health Sciences
    SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
    Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
    Date Deposited: 21 May 2021 14:38
    Last Modified: 21 May 2021 14:45
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/28677

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